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Happy Families Extracts - Butler Journal Volume One (1968-1979)

Volume One (Issues Numbers 1 to 8) contained Happy Families Questions 1 to 150.

The serial "Happy Families" is prepared by Lord Dunboyne and published in the Journal of the Butler Society. These extracts have been scanned into computer format; researchers are warned that, despite careful checking, these extracts may contain mistakes. (Copyright: John Butler.)

Q1. [BJ v1n1]

PINCERNALOGY - What is the good of it?

Like most questions worth asking, this needs more than one word for an answer. Pincernalogy will no doubt remain, as long as the family unit subsists, a source of interest to many connected with the various Butler families. It will also provide material of potential use to the genealogist, and perhaps even to the historian. But what of the scientist? If genealogy could ever be of service to the science of human heredity, the eight hundred years of documented history of a family such as the Butlers of Ireland might conceivably contain data of scientific value. But to indicate what particular type of information might be worth collecting for that purpose, we need the guidance of scientists themselves.

Q2. [BJ v1n1]

BUTLERS OF IRELAND - Who is their earliest known forefather?

He was named Hervey and must have lived in the first half of the 12th century. We need to know more about him. He is named as (a) grandfather of Theobald Walter (whose maternal grandfather was undoubtedly, not Hervey, but Theobald de Valognes) in a Final Accord of 1195 between Theobald Walter and William FitzHervey (Pipe Roll Soc., xvii, 20. This Final Accord was an innovation, see Prof. C. R. Cheney's 'Hubert Walter', 96) and (b) in the inquest of service taken for Lancashire in 1212 (Lancs. Inq., Rec. Soc. xlviii, 37) as father of Hervey Walter and as having enfeoffed Orm, son of Magnus, in marriage with his daughter, Alice, of lands from his fee of Weeton, or Witheton as it was formerly and more correctly written. Hervey is, and was then, a common name among the Bretons. Our Hervey may be the Hervey, son of Hubert, who with his father attested a charter of Baderon to the nunnery of St. Georges at Rennes c. 1080/90 (Genealogist, N.S. xviii, 1). Again, he or his ancestor may have been the 'Herveus pincerna' or 'Herveus botellarius' who, with other officers and tenants of the castle of Dol in Brittany, attested two charters to the abbey of St. Florent, one bearing the date 1086 (Calendar of Documents, France, 416). Furthermore in Germany there may survive some early archives of the Buttlar family which would help to discover our Hervey's ancestry, as indicated by Rudolf von Buttlar-Elberberg's massive Stammbuch der Aithessischen Ritterschaft, printed by Wilhelm Borner of Wolfhagen in 1888. The unpublished work of Blake Butler (MS. 12022 to 12036, Nat. Lib., Dublin; and 52802 and 52851, Brit. Museum) contains much scholarly, though as yet inconclusive, research on the same subject. Although it does contain one or two inaccuracies, the best starting-point in print of which we know is 'The Barony of Butler of Amounderness' by W. Farrer in Lancs., i, 350 of the Victoria County Histories, to which may be added Blake Butler's 'Origin of the Butlers of Ireland' in The Iirish Genealogist, i, 147.

2. [BJ v1n2] The earliest known forefather of the Butlers of Ireland (see Butler Jo., I, 62).

The mentioned Final Accord of 1195 between Theobald Walter and William FitzHervey is of general interest in that it was the first chirograph in the King's Court to have taken the form of a tripartite indenture, so that the Treasury, besides the parties, could retain a copy of the agreement for reference.

2. [BJ v1n3] The earliest known forefather of the Butlers of Ireland (Butler Jo., I, 62 &12?)

Prof. A. J. Otway-Ruthven has written in her fascinating book, A History of Medieval Ireland (E. Bean, 1968) "Theobald Walter, the founder of the great Butler family, which was to dominate so much of the later history of Ireland, was the son and eventual heir of Hervey Walter of Amounderness in Lancashire, hereditary Butler of England". But she gives no reason for stating that Hervey Walter was Butler of England and we know of none.

2. [BJ v1n7] The original ancestor of the Chief Butlers of Ireland pp.62,129 & 222).

The Buxton Collection of hundreds of unpublished medieval charters in the Cambridge University Library was suggested by the late Blake Butler as a possible source of clues to the ancestry of Hervey (d. ca. 1150). But A.E.B. Owen, the Senior Under-Librarian, has now kindly looked through the Collection's rough calendar and concludes that nothing of the sort is likely to be found in that bran-tub.


Q3. [BJ v1n1]

PLUS PENSE QUE DIRE - Why are these words commemorated at Carrick-on-Suir in the 1573 mansion of Thomas Butler, 10th Earl of Ormond?

Vicomte Herve de Butler has drawn our attention to a poem, "Le Tourment Cache" , in which Charles d'Orleans with a depth of feeling repeats the phrase "Plus penser que dire"; and M. Richard Brun of Paris reminds us that this d'Orleans was captured at Agincourt in 1415 and sent to England where he stayed twenty-five years. It is no less intriguing to note that M. Brun finds the Dictionnafre des Devises by Chassant et Taussin mentions the Herve family in Brittany among those which adopted the motto, "Plus penser que dire pour parvenir".

3. [BJ v1n2] Plus Pense Que Dire (see Butler Jo., I, 62).

Vicomte and Vicomtesse Hervé de Butler have sent us the following text of "Le Tourment Caché" by Charles d'Orléans (1394 - 1465) with a version in modern French:


Plus penser que dire

Me couvient souvent

Sans monstrer comment

N'a quoy mon cueur tire.

Faignant de sousrire,

Quant suis tres dolent,

Plus penser que dire

Me couvient souvent

En toussant soupire

Pour secretement

Mucer mon tourment.

C'est privé martire,

Plus penser que dire.


Plus penser que dire

Me convient souvent

Sans montrer comment

N(i) a quoi mon coeur tire.

Feignant de sourire,

Quand (je) suis tres dolent

Plus penser que dire

Me convient souvent.

En toussant (je) soupire

Pour secretement

Cacher mon tourment.

C'est privé martyre,

Plus penser que dire.

They add that although the word 'mucer' is no longer used, it is in the French of the 14th century that "ce petit rondeau garde tout son charme".

3. [BJ v1n3] Plus Pense Que Dire (Butler Jo., 1, 62 & 129).

For more about Charles d'Orleans (1394-1465), see Enid McLeod's Charles of Orleans, recently published by Chatto & Windus.

Q4. [BJ v1n1]

BUTLERS OF THE U.S.A. Who were the parents of Thomas Butler (1720 - 89) of Pennsylvania?

It is odd that they have not been traced, as more is known of the origin of him than of most Irish emigrants and he was the progenitor of a family which has become firmly entrenched in American history. He is said to have been born in 1720 in the city of Wicklow and to have gone to Carlisle, Pa., in 1748. Some American sources give his birth more precisely as on 4 June 1720 in the parish of Coolkenny, Co. Wicklow; but Mr. George Butler of Dublin finds no trace of any such parish and suggests it may be an error for Coolkenna near Shillelagh, Co. Wicklow. Thomas married on 16, or 26, Oct. 1741 Eleanor, da. of Anthony Parker of Co. Wexford and had five sons, three of whom became Generals, and two, Colonels, in the American Army, and all of whom so distinguished themselves in the War of Independence that Lafayette (the only Honorary Citizen of the U.S.A. besides Sir Winston Churchill) is said to have remarked, whenever he wanted a thing well done he got a Butler to do it (P. Nolan, The Irish Dames of Ypres, 82). George Washington himself had occasion at his home to give his officers the toast 'The Butlers and their Five Sons' (Penn. Mag., VII). The county and borough of Butler in Pennsylvania is named after the eldest son, General Richard Butler (1743 - 91) who was killed and scalped in an engagement with the Indians at Miami. Blake Butler thought Thomas (1720 - 89) was probably descended from the Butlers of Ullard, Co. Carlow who held lands in Co. Wicklow in the 18th century and who are believed to have been a junior branch of the Butler baronets in Co. Carlow. In that connection this Thomas's grandson, Edward George Washington Butler, formerly of Dunboyne Plantation, Iberville, Louisiana, wrote to the 24th Lord Dunboyne in 1871 that Pierce Butler (1744 - 1822), who was 3rd son of the 5th baronet, 'claimed relationship to the Five Butler Brothers; tho' never traced'. Col. Sir Thomas Butler, the present baronet, adds the not unimportant footnote that it was this Pierce who signed the American Constitution and was one of the first Senators of the U.S.A.

4. [BJ v1n2] Thomas Butler (1720 - 89) of Pennsylvania (see Butler Jo., 1, 63).

Miss Mary Earle of Akron, Ohio adds the following information:

(a) a great-grand-daughter of this Thomas asserted his father was Richard, son or grandson of Pierce, 5/15th Lord Dunboyne. (Neither this Pierce nor his elder son, James, seems to have had a son called Richard; but Pierce's younger son, Thomas, or daughter, Helena, who married James Butler, might have had this Richard as a son. Ed.)

(b) Thomas (1720 - 89) may have had an elder brother, James, b. 1718, parish of Coolkenny, Co. Wicklow; duc. Dublin; m. 1739 and said to have remained in Dublin and to have had 3 sons and 2 daus.: Thomas (1740 - 1832) Pa.: William (1743 - 1839), Pa.: John (1745 - 1830), b. Dublin5 d. Williams County, Ohio; Jane (1747 - 1830) m. William Mahan in America; Sarah, b. 1749. (We want to trace any surviving descendant of this James, b. 1718. Ed.)

(c) W. D., J. C., and J. M., Butler in "The Butler Family in America" give Thomas (1720 - 89) 2 bros.: said James, b. 1718 and Joseph who is said to have lived in France and come to America with Lafayette and settled in Maryland. (In 1950 there was a Senator Butler of Maryland whose ancestry would be interesting to know in this connection in particular. Ed.)

(d) Information about Thomas (1720 - 89) is believed to have come from a family Bible which has not been located. Its supposed transcriptions vary: one gives his birth-place as 'parish of Cooklenny, Co. Wicklow'; another, as 'parish of Kilkenny, City of Wicklow'. Notably, the American tombstone of his son, Pierce, says 'son of Thomas and Elinor Butler of Kilkenny, Ireland'. Thomas and Elinor seem to have married 26, rather than 16, Oct. 1741. Their grandson said they were married in Kilkenny and then lived in Dublin. Elinor is said to have been dau. of Anthony Parker of Carey, Co. Wexford. Thomas's Will (pr. 23. 7. 1791 in Carlisle, Cumberland co., Pa) begins: `I, Thomas Butler, gunsmith'. According to family tradition he learned about the manufacture of guns when an Ordnance Officer in Ireland. His gunshop in Carlisle, Pa. is still standing.

Mr. Richard Plater of Louisiana, who is descended from Thomas (1720 - 89) states that Thomas's elder brother James (b. 1718) lived two miles from Dublin and that his son, William (1743 - 1839) was impressed into the British Navy as a seaman, escaped by swimming ashore near Philadelphia, Pa., joined his uncle Thomas, became expert in manufacturing steel and was a sergeant in General Daniel Morgan's Rangers. Many of his descendants were also steel makers. Mr. George Butler of Dublin adds for reference: "The Irish Sword", V. 169 for the military careers of the sons and some of the grandsons of Thomas (1720 - 89) and O'Callaghan's "History of the Irish Brigade in the Service of France" for Lafayette's tribute to Butler efficiency, and "The Encycl. Americana", V. 82 for the public life of Pierce Butler (1744 - 1822).

4. [BJ v1n5] Thomas Butler (1720 89) of Penn., USA. [1:63; 2:129;]

Coolkenny is the older spelling of Coolkenna (L. Price, Placenarnes of Co. Wicklow), a mile or so from the Carlow boundary, in Shillelagh barony, Co. Wicklow. It was part of the FitzWilliam estate, the records of which might help. They are mainly in Sheffield Pub. Lib. and, for late 18th cent., in Nat. Lib., Ireland. The Butlers of Coolkenna might descend from those of Tullow, Co. Carlow (per K.W. Nicholls, via George Butler of Dublin). The Butlers of Tullow descended from Pierce, 2nd s. of 1st V. Mountgarret. T. Blake Butler traced to the 19th cent. their descent, but only in their heirs male line (Brit.Mus. Add.MSS 52802-61; Nat, Lib., Ireland, MSS 12022-36).

4. [BJ v1n6] Thomas Butler (1720-89) of Penn. [1:63; 2:129; 5:407]

K.W. Nicholls' suggestion that the Butlers of Coolkenna descended from those of Tullow apparently referred not to the Butlers of Tullow of the Mountgarret branch, but to James, s. and h. of Richard of Roran, Co. Tip., 2nd s. of Pierce Butler of Nodstown. Nicholls considers C.S. shows this James to be of Tullow. Richard of Roran d. Jan. 1638 (H. Gallwey, Wall Family, 130).

4. [BJ v1n7] Thomas Butler(1720-1789) of Pennsylvania (pp. 63, 129, 407 & 494).

In 1751, this Thomas applied for land toward The North Mountain, Pa. (per Miss M. Hurley of Newville, Pa.).

Q5. [BJ v1n1]

BUTLERS OF CANADA - Was the founder of Butler's Rangers descended from the Butlers of Ireland?

Butler's Rangers was the name of a corps of Royalists who were refugees from the American Revolution and, with their Indian allies, the Senecas, the Mohawks and Cayugas, achieved outstanding feats of guerilla warfare. Of them it has been written: 'Never before in history or since, have so few men held so large a territory against such overwhelming odds in men, materials of war, and transport' (Orlo Miller, Raiders of the Mohawk, 144) Butler's Rangers (1777 - 84) were raised by Col John Butler (1728 - 96), who was born in New London, Connecticut, according to a plaque, unveiled by his descendant, Mr. J. T. F. Butler in 1961 at Butler's Burying Ground, Niagara-on-the-Lake. Col. John was son of Walter Butler by his 2nd wife, Deborah, nee Ely, the relict of Ebenezer Dennis. 'Old Walter' as he was called, died in 1760, aged 90. His military appointments had taken him to the Mohawk Valley, New York, where he built Butlersbury; but he too was probably born in New London. He is believed to have been son of Thomas Butler of New London, who died 20 Dec. 1701, aged 59 and whose brother may have been John Butler of New London, who died 26 March 1773, aged 80 (F. M. Caulkin, History of New London, Conn., 342). Thomas probably came to New London, with his elder brother, John, between 1680 and 1690, but as yet we know not whence.

5. [BJ v1n4] Butlerís Rangers, Canada (1:63)

Walter Butler (1670-1762) was commissioned Lt of Fusileers, N.Y., Aug. 1725 and again May 1728 [Cal., N.Y. Colonial Commissions 1680-1770 N.Y. Hist. Soc., 1929 ]. He m., 1713, Mary Harris (d. 1725) and, 1727 Deborah (Ely) Dennison [Records of 1st Church of New London, Conn.; and Diary of Joshua Hempsteadl. It is said, Walter arrived in Connecticut as Sergt in a British regiment and, according to another unsubstantiated legend, in the ketch "John & Sarah", on 20 Oct. 1679, from Barbadoes (per Col. C.B. Briggs of N.Y. via D.R.C. Bedson of Canada).

5. [BJ v1n7] Walter Butler (1670-1 762) of Connecticut (pp. 63 & 298).

R. R. Hinman, "A Catalogue of the Names of the Early Puritan Settlers of the Colony of Conn." (1852), might be worth consulting. It is said to record a Butler family (W. H. Whitmore, The American Genealogist (1868), 261).

Q6. [BJ v1n1]

BUTLERS OF OXFORDSHIRE - What was the ancestry of James Butler of Oxford, born 1720?

His descendant, Mr. J. V. Butler Harte of South Africa says there is a family tradition of descent from Sir Thomas Butler of Co. Carlow, 1st Bart., and this James left his native Ireland in 1755, settled in England at Oxford, married Jane Owen, a Welsh lady at King George's Court, and had James Butler (1750 - 1825) who married in 1776 Jane Slatter (1756 - 1820) of Oxford and had fourteen children.

6. [BJ v1n2] James Butler of Oxford, by 1720 (see Butler Jo., I, 64).

Inadvertent copying of a genealogical table sometimes erroneously places a man's sister as his wife. If James, b. 1720, had a sister called Jane Owens, rather than a wife called Jane Owen, his mother could well have been the widow, Grace Butler, who d. 1730 in Dublin. Grace's Will shows she had a son, James, and a dau., Jane, who married David Owens (B.T.R. 192).

Another possibility is that James Butler of Oxford, b. 1720, may have been the James Butler of Oxford to whom Charles, Earl of Arran granted an annuity in 1726 and again in 1732 (Ormond Handlist, Nos. 401 & 433). If so, he was probably an illegitimate son of the 2nd Duke of Ormonde and perhaps the one who later as Dr. Butler was a Fellow of Christ Church, Oxford (Case of James Butler, London, 1770, p. 15, which James was son of the unfortunate William, another illegitimate son of the 2nd Duke).

Another approach to the ancestry of James, b. 1720, has been suggested by his descendant, Miss Olive Butler Harte of South Africa: one of his great-grandsons, Samuel Johnstone Butler (1822 - 94) may have surviving descendants with knowledge of their Butler ancestry. If they could be traced whoops of joy would reverberate to Pietermaritzburg.

6. [BJ v1n4] James Butler (b. 1720) of Oxford [1:64; 2:31]

His son, James (1750-1825) of Oxford, m. at St Martin-in-Fields, Mdx., 30 Sept. 1776, Jane Slatter [M.L., Bishop of London’s Reg.). Comment- Q.36 may be connected.

Q7. [BJ v1n1]

BUTLERS OF GLOUCESTERSHIRE - Who were the parents of Richard Butler, the Quaker of Bristol in 1710?

His descendant, Mrs. Kirkpatrick of Surrey, England, says he joined the Quakers at Bristol on 16 March 1710 and had a son, Thomas, who married Mary Cash and whose descendants until 1924 remained in possession of certain lands in Co. Wexford which were once held by Richard Butler of Kilcash (1618 - 1701). It has been suggested that Richard the Quaker was none other than Richard of Westcourt (d. 1756/8), son of John of Westcourt (d. 1715), son of Richard Butler of Kilcash (1618 - 1701); but that is beyond belief. Richard of Westcourt seems unlikely to have been a converted Quaker and probably died without issue. Westcourt in those penal days was an oasis of refuge for his first cousin, Christopher Butler, Archbishop of Cashel, who died there in 1757; and neither Richard of Westcourt nor his wife, Helen, who was the Archbishop's niece and died at Danville, Co. Kilkenny, in 1782, mentioned any child of theirs in their respective Wills (Nos. 262 & 193 in W. Clare's Butler Testamentary Records which was printed privately by the Peterborough Press in 1932 and which we shall call for short 'B.T.R.' whenever we have occasion to refer to it again). The alleged devolution of the Wexford lands might suggest, on the other hand, that Richard the Quaker was the same person as Richard, son of Walter of Garryricken (d. 1700), son of Richard Butler of Kilcash (1618 - 1701). But Burke informed Lord Ormonde in 1879 that that Richard of the Garryricken line died without issue before 1766 If so, the identity of the father of Thomas Butler who married Mary Cash remains a puzzle. He might even be of the same family as the Samuel Butler who in 1610, as The Rev. A. M. Butler of Canada reminds us, was among the first immigrants to land in Newfoundland from Bristol.

7. [BJ v1n3] Richard Butler, the Quaker, of Bristol, 1710 (Butler Jo., I, 64)

The Rev. Mel Butler of Canada has discovered that Richard Butler, a shipwright of Bristol, had a son, Thomas, who in 1652 was apprenticed to William Lloyd and Alice. his wife, and, in 1663, married Mary, da. of William Lloyd, and that in 1671 a Thomas Butler paid hearth tax in the parish of St. Mary Redcliffe, Bristol.. Perhaps Richard, the shipwright, was ancestor of Richard, the Quaker.

7. [BJ v1n6] Richard Butler (1710), Quaker of Bristol [1:64;3:222]

This extract from the register of burials in Banbury, Oxon, may possibly be relevant: "The wife of John Butler of Neithrop, buryed in the Quaker's house yard, 22.5.1670" (Banbury Hist. Soc., ix.127).

Q8. [BJ v1n1]

BUTLERS OF WORCESTERSHlRE - Has the remarkable family of which Lord Butler of Saffron Walden is a prominent member the same paternal origin as the Butlers of Ireland?

Probably. For they descend from Richard Butler of Claynes, Worcs., who died in 1685; and a member of this family, Mr. B. R. R. Butler of Kuwait has shown us a pedigree, compiled by his grandfather from records in Worcester Cathedral, which gives this Richard as son of Christopher (1540 - 1617), son of William (d. 1583), son of Robert Butler of Claynes (d. 1546) who in turn is given as son of Robert Butler of the Rawcliffe branch. We have no reason to doubt these filiations. The Butlers of Rawcliffe, Lancs., were descended from Roger, who died before 1199 and was younger brother of the 1st Butler of Ireland (W. Farrer's Chartulary of Cockersand, XL, 471n., where the Butlers of Rawdiffe are distinguished from those of Warrington, Lancs.)

Q9. [BJ v1n2]

BUTLERS OF IRELAND - Who are the living-male descendants of James, 9th Earl of Ormond (1504 - 46)?

So far as is known, the present 6th Marquess of Ormonde and his first cousin, Charles Butler, are the only two. Both are descended from the 9th Earl's 3rd son, John, who had four younger bros., Walter, James, Edward and Pierce. On the true answer to this question would seem to depend the destiny of the 1328 earldom of Ormond, the 1528 earldom of Ossory, the 1536 viscounty of Thurles, the 1821 barony of Ormonde, the 1825 marquessate of Ormonde and the headship of the whole family. In the absence of an heir-male descendant of the 9th Earl, the Viscount Mountgarret of the time would succeed the survivor of the present Marquess and Charles as Earl of Ormond and Earl of Ossory. But any such descendant through John, Walter or James would have a prior right to the earidoms and would automatically be entitled to the viscounty of Thurles. Edward and Pierce, on the other hand, seem to have been attained in 1570 for High Treason by an Irish Act of Parliament (12 Eliz. c. 5). Consequently, if a descendant of either of them were, but for the subsisting attainder, to be entitled to a peerage, not only would he be barred from taking it but it would become irretrievably extinct. So if you think you may be descended from John, Walter, James, Edward or Pierce, please let us know.

9. [BJ v1n3] Living male descendants of 9th Earl of Ormond (1504-46) (Butler Jo., I, 131).

No more have come to light. But it is proving surprisingly difficult to confirm the deaths without issue of the four children of Lord James Butler (1815-93, yger. bro. of 2nd Marquess of Ormonde) by his wife, Rachel, who is given in Burke's Peerage as da. of 6th Duke of Bedford by his 2nd wife. In a gem of a letter, the present 13th Duke writes: "I wish I could help. But the love-life of the 6th Duke and his 2nd wife was most exotic. All portraits of her were banned and I have to buy them back at vast cost hither and thither including Cuba. My grandfather (11th Duke) liked to think all Russells were as pure as driven snow and anything that existed to prove otherwise was destroyed. We are therefore very weak in family papers of this period; but I have asked various people and am awaiting a reply . . . There is a rumour that Rachel was the da. of Landseer who came ostensibly to paint the deer and the children!" No doubt Butlers visiting Woburn will now find the Landseers there particularly interesting!

In addition, Mrs. Han Synnot, sister of Charles Butler (b. 1899), is certain that her cousin, Julian (b. 1864, ygst. of the four children of James and Rachel) was still a bachelor when he attended her wedding and lost his false teeth in the straw at the bottom of a cab! He would then have been 47 years of age.

9. [BJ v1n4] Heirs-male from 9th E. of Ormond [2:131]

Julian Butler (b. 1864, s. of James and Rachel) died unmarried (confirmed, 29 April 1970, by Arthur 6th Marquess of Ormonde, who knew Julian).

9. [BJ v1n5] James, 9th Earl of Ormond's heirs-male [2:13 1; 3:223; 4:299]

Ireland's Lord Deputy was urging that Lord Mountgarret, as next heir to the Ormond earldom, be moved to England "during these doubtful times" (CaI.S.P. (Ire.), 1615-25, p. 478.)

Q10. [BJ v1n2]

BUTLERS OF IRELAND - Who was the 'Capt. Butler' whose dau., Judith, married Thomas (or possibly 'George') Tennant c. 1750?

Their descendant, Mr. Robert D. Tennant of Ontario, recounts a tradition that her Butler father was Catholic and her Tennant husband was a Protestant stonemason whose family came to Ireland in the time of Cromwell, that for religious and political reasons she was temporarily disinherited by her family for eloping with him, that her matrimonial home was about a mile from Aghade, Co. Carlow and that she and her husband were buried in Aghade Churchyard. There is contemporary evidence to show that Judith's 2nd son, Thomas Tennant (1755 - 1821), lived at Newtown, Aghade, in the parish Barragh, Co. Carlow. His nine surviving children emigrated to Quebec in 1820 (like Henry Butler and his family - see Question No. 11). Ballintemple with its famous rhododendrons is in the same parish as Newtown which was also Butler property and is now called Ballynoe. But if Judith's Butlers were Catholic, she is unlikely to have been of the Ballintemple branch. However Aghade with its historic churchyard is only a few miles SSW of Tullow which suffered so grievously at the hands of Cromwell, and if, as is believed, Judith's father lived in the neighbourhood, he is more likely to have been one of the Butlers of Tullow who were descended from the 3rd son of the 4th Viscount Mountgarret. Their pedigree was registered in 1902 and is believed to be in Dublin Castle (G.O.Ped., XXVII, 276). It was printed (in Misc. Hist. & Gen., 3rd ser., V. 115). But it contains no reference to sources and more research is needed to verify and amplify it.

10. [BJ v1n5] Judith née Butler, Mrs Tennant, ca. 1750 [2:132]

She might be the only da. whom Thomas Butler (d.1753), 2nd s. of 1st V. Lanesborough, had by his wife, Mary née Cummin, and whose paternal aunt and grt aunt were both called Judith.

Q11. [BJ v1n2]

BUTLERS OF IRELAND, CANADA & U.S.A. - Who was the father of Henry Butler, husband of Ellen, née Murphy (1791 - 1888)?

He was progenitor of many American Butlers. Ellen's father, Patrick Murphy, was murdered in 1797 when in league with the pro-Unionist 2nd Earl of Shannon at Castle Martyr, Co. Cork (Cork Hist. & Arch. Soc. Jo., LV, 52). Henry and Ellen with their sons, Patrick and John, (like nine of the grandchildren of Judith Tennant, née Butler - see Question No. 10) c. 1820 emigrated to Quebec where their five younger children, Henry, Mary, William, Eleanor and Elizabeth seem to have been born. It is perhaps noteworthy that the name of Henry was introduced into the Ikerrin branch of the Butlers after the 1st Earl of Carrick married in 1745 Juliana dau. of Henry Boyle, the influential 1st Earl of Shannon of Castle Martyr. Their 3rd son, Pierce Butler (1750 - 1826) married, 24 Dec. 1774, Katherine dau. of Richard Roth of Mount Roth (or Butler's Grove), Co. Kilkenny. His mother-in-law being dau. and heiress of Sir William Cooper, Bt., Pierce assumed the additional name of Cooper. Burke's Peerage says Pierce was childless but Burke's unpublished Butler Memorials of 1889, p. 155, does not expressly say so and there is a temptation to conjecture that Pierce had a son, Henry, who emigrated around 1820 after his father-in-law, Patrick Murphy, had been murdered for associating with Pierce's maternal uncle, the 2nd Earl of Shannon.

11. [BJv1n8] Henry Butler, immigrant (ca.1820) to Quebec (p.32)

Possibly of the same family was Mary da. of John Butler of Co. Cork by Mary née Tavish) who m. at St Mary's Cathedral, Halifax, Nova Scotia, 18 Jan. 1838, John Dimssey of Co. Cork, widower of Anne née Walsh of Halifax, N.S. (Irish Ancestor. 1976. p. 128).

Q12. [BJ v1n2]

BUTLERS OF IRELAND & FRANCE - Who was the father of Edmund Butler whose son, Richard, was born c. 1696 in Kilkenny to Helen, née Den?

He was of the Paulstown branch, according to Richard Butler's Declaration de Noblesse, 18 July 1712 (Ruvigny, Jacobite Peerage, citing Stuart MSS) and his Confirmation of Arms, by William Hawkins, Ulster, in 1752 (Burke's Gen. Armoury, 1884). The Butlers of Paulstown were descended from the 2nd legitimate son of the 3rd Earl of Ormond and were connected with the Den family, e.g. Elizabeth, née Blanchville, widow of Sir Richard Butler, 2nd Bt., (c. 1640 - 80), married 2ndly c. 1684 Theobald Den of Grennan, Co. Kilkenny. This Edmund could have been the Edmund Butler (c. 1641 - c.1736) who was younger bro. of Sir Richard and father of James (born c. 1659 and trustee of a settlement made in 1699 by Elizabeth Den's brother). Helen, dau. of Peter Den of Thomastown, Co. Kilkenny, married John Forstall of Kilkenny before Edmund Butler by whom she had Richard (Cockayne, Baronetage, V, 454). Richard, son of Edmund and Helen, had emigrated to St. Malo by 1712. There in 1740 he married Marie Francoise Duvelaer. In 1741 they had a dau. who in 1758 married the Marquis de la Vieuville. This Richard is easily confused with his namesake who was also then living at St. Malo (see Question No. 13).

12. [BJ v1n5] Edmund Butler of Paulstown, ca. 1650 [2:133]

James's birth should read "1714", not "ca.1659". Richard, s. of this Edmund, might be the Richard whom the titular James III created Baron Butler, 1727 (G.E.C., revised, ii,453).

12. [BJ v1n7] Edmund Butler who m., ca. 1695, Helen née Den (pp. 133 & 408).

This Edmund does not now seem to be of the Paulstown branch (see also Q.13). It is tempting, but probably wrong, to suggest he was s. of Edmond Butler of Kilcop (d. 1725) by Marcelle Quigley (see Q.109). The Blake Butler MSS, understandably, confuse the surfeit of Richards in question. The Richard Butler who was claiming descent from Theobald Lord Cahir ("son quatrieme aieul") for his 1740 Declaration de Noblesse (Terry, Pedigrees, i, 161) was s. of this Edmund by Helen Den. Born in Kilkenny, ca. 1696, this Richard when a 44 year old widower of Jeanne Lequintrec, m. at St Malo, 1740, Marie Francoise Duvalaer (ibid. 191); their da., Francoise, née Butler, inherited a fortune (with which she restored the Chateau du Lude, Maine-et-Loire) from her uncle, Joseph Duvalaer, who died from being poisoned by his valet (per L. V. Pauchet).

Q13. [BJ v1n2]

BUTLERS OF IRELAND & FRANCE - Who was the father of Thomas Butler whose son, Richard, married 1721 in St. Malo, Mary Ann née Walsh?

According to Richard's "Declaration de Noblesse" and "Confirmation of Arms", both of 1740, Richard was descended from Theobald, 1st Lord Cahir (d. 1596) (Terry, Pedigrees, I, 134; and our informa tion from Mr. Philippe de Bagneux of Paris). Richard came from New Ross, Co. Wexford and his mother was Elizabeth dau. of James Malbrand of Shrewsbury, Salop (Genealogist, XVII, 157). Richard married Mary Ann, dau. of Philip Walsh and by her had a son and a number of daus. who married into French families (Registers of St. Malo, p. 191). He was Captain of the Compagnie des Indes in the French Navy. In 1746 he was intermediary between D'Argenson, the French Minister of War, and Col. Richard Warren, the Irish officer who was entrusted by the French Government with the rescue of Prince Charlie from the West coast of Scotland after the Battle of Culloden (Hayes, Biog. Dictionary of Irishmen in France, p. 22). Richard's son who was baptized 16 Nov. 1728, Thomas Louis, had his pedigree compiled by Hawkins. Dated 7 Jan. 1755, it is believed to be in G.O., Dublin Castle. Its contents would be of interest as would news of Richard's surviving descendants. He is too easily confused with Richard, son of Edmund Butler (see Question No. 12).

13. [BJ v1n5] Thomas Butler ca. 1700 [2:134]

Mr Butler of St Malo who rented two ships for the rescue of Prince Charlie (J.S. Gibson, Ships of the `45) was probably the Richard who was s. of this Thomas. For "Marbrand", read "Malbranch" on p.l34.

13. [BJ v1n7] Thomas Butler who in., 1690, Elizabeth née Malbranch (pp. 134 & 408).

As the 1740 Declaration de Noblesse (Terry, Pedigrees, i, 161, not 134) refers to Richard, s. of Edmund Butler of Q.12, there is now no reason to suppose (as the Blake Butler MSS, do) that this Thomas was of the house of Cahir. He was "10th in descent from 3rd Earl of Ormond" (per archives in Chateau de Serrant). So the 1712 Declaration de Noblesse (Ruvigny, Jacobite Peerage, citing Stuart MSS) almost certainly refers to his son, Richard, who is therein said to be of the Paulstown branch. It was this Richard who helped to rescue Prince Charlie, 1746, by arming with cannon the frigates "Le Prince de Conty" and "L'Heureux" (Duc de Luynes, Mémoires, vii, 4) and who m. at St Malo, Marie Anne, sister of Anthony Walsh who was one of the "Seven Men of Moidart". She d. aged 88 near St Malo, 29 June 1782 (Gazette de France, 9 July 1782).

Q14. [BJ v1n2]

BOUTLERS OF FRANCE - What is the ancestry of our French members, Jacques Boutler and his sister, Monique?

At Markershausen during the 1968 Butler Rally, Monique and "Cousin Arnold" discovered she was descended from the German Buttlars, being elder dau. of Daniel Boutler (1901 - 60), son of Bronislav Butler (b. 1856), son of Alexander Treusch von Buttlar- Brandenfels (1838 - 82) by his wife, Josepha, née von Zyllinska.Alexander (who in 1888 was wrongly given by Rudolf von Buttlar- Elberberg as having died childless) was 2nd son of Ernst (1804 -67) a 'Forstmeister' in Russia, 3rd son of Major-General Freiherr Wilhelm Treusch v. Buttlar-Brandenfels (1762 - 1847), senior representative of the Altenfeld branch. As the word `Butler' and its variations are derived from the Late Latin, 'Buticularius', and the Old French, 'Bouteillier', B-o-u-t-l-e-r is as good a way as any of spelling it.

14. [BJ v1n3] Boutlers of France (Butler Jo., 1, 134).

Hearty congratulations to Jacques Boutler of France and Susanne, née Treusch von Buttlar of Germany, on their wedding. They were married on 18 July 1970 in Gottingen. He tells us that some records of his family are believed to be in the Vatican archives, while others were in Warsaw, at the Krasinski Palace which was destroyed in the 1939 War. According to research undertaken by his great-uncle, Leon Butler, in Morocco, Jacques' paternal grandfather, Bronislav Butler (1866-1930) was s., not of Alexander Treusch von Buttlar-Brandenfels, but of Leon Butler, s. of Nicholas, a descendant of Wilhelm Gothard Butler, Count of the Holy Roman Empire in 1652 or 1656. Presumably this Count is the Gotthard Wilhelm von Buttlar of Rudolf's 1888 pedigree who was made Reichsgraf von Buttlar in Vienna on 27 Feb. 1651. If so, Jacques is of the von Buttlar line from Wirgen and Miedzylesie, and, as such, the senior known heir-male of the vast Buttlar family. Nicholas might well be s. of Johann who was 2nd s. of Michael (d. 1795), 2nd s. of Markus Anton (d. 1743), 1st s. of Alexander, 4th s. of the above Count G. W. von Buttlar.

Q15. [BJ v1n2]

BUTLERS OF NEWFOUNDLAND Whence did they come?

A lot of Butlers were Newfoundlanders. The Rev. A. M. Butler of Ontario tells us that Samuel Butler was among the first immigrants to land with John Guy at Conception Bay in 1610 and that Thomas Butler, who had three sons, was living at Port de Grave in 1675. This Thomas was probably forefather of the James Butler who with his brother, George, was granted a moiety of Little Belle Island, Conception Bay, by Governor Richard Edwards in 1757. James's son, John I, married Jane, née Giles, and had two sons. John II and Joseph (who is believed to be Rev. A. M. Butler's ancestor). John II by his wife Elizabeth, née Bulley, was ancestor of Miss Kathleen Brocklebank who in 1956 wrote from The Home of Comfort, Victoria Grove, Southsea, Hants, on behalf of herself and her sister, Miss Florence Ellen Brocklebank: `There is an old Family Bible in the possession of one of our cousins. We have lost touch with him.' Can anyone help to trace the 'cousin' and this Family Bible? Miss Brocklebank's grandfather, James Henry Butler (born c. 1816) used a bookplate which suggested a descent from the Ikerrin branch. Thomas of 1675 may have been the Thomas who was born c. 1640 to James, son of the 1st Viscount Ikerrin (Funeral Entries, 4820, p. 47).

Q16. [BJ v1n2]

BOUTLEROFF OF RUSSIA - Who founded this branch?

In 1954 Mr. Alexandre Butler'ow, who alternatively called himself de Boutleroff, wrote from 11 rue Roquepine, Paris 8e.. "an officer of the engineers, Botelar, Butler or Buttlar. was sent to the Czar, Ivan the Terrible, by Elizabeth I of England. Butler accomplished his mission with success and received from the Czar a great estate and the title of `Boyard'. Without returning to England, he settled in Russia and founded the Russian branch of Butler'ow of which I am today one of the representatives". We should like to know more of him and of his surviving descendants. The Foreign Office State Papers in the London Record Office; Ikonnikoff, Genealogie de Noblesse de Russie; the Russian Dvina Chronicle; and Hakluyt Navigations might be worth consulting. In the Leningrad Telephone Directory there is L. M. Butler of Ulitza Chaikovskogo 38.

16. [BJ v1n5] Boutlerov of Russia [2.135]

The founder of this family is said to have descended from the Ziegenberg branch of the Buttlar family and to have gone from the Baltic to serve Ivan the Terrible who rewarded him with an estate in Kazan (per Horst von Buttlar).

16. [BJ v1n7] Butlerov of Kazan (pp. 135 & 408).

The distinguished Russian chemist, Alexander Mikailovitch Butlerov (1828-1886) died at Butlerowska in Kazan (Brockhaus, Enzyklopadie (1967) in German). Probably also of this family was the outstanding Cossack officer, named Butlerov, who was last heard of on 28 May 1945 when he was repatriated by force (per Lord Bethell who has made a special study of that merciless tragedy which Alexander Solzhenitsyn labelled "The Last Secret").

Q17. [BJ v1n3]

AMERICA - Who was the immigrant, Thomas Butler, who was born 1674 and settled in Berwick, Maine, before 1700?

His descendant, Franklin C. Butler of California, states thatThomas is believed to have been descended from the Butlers of Ireland and was buried with his wife, Elizabeth (c. 1675-1728), in the village cemetery at Berwick.

17. [BJv1n8] Thomas Butler (bn 1674 of Berwick, Maine (p. 218).

He was scholarly, used the Ormonde arms, came to America with his wife, Elizabeth, and settled in Keitting, Maine, ca. 1698 (per Dr G. H. Butler in Misc. Geneal. et Her., N.S., iv, 103).

Q18. [BJ v1n3]

AMERICA - What is the ancestry of the Butlers of the great Patrick and Aimee Butler Foundation of Minnesota?

Their Irish link is well established. Their direct male line can be traced back to Walter Butler of Balinhinch, Kilmurry Parish, near Newtownmountkennedy, Co. Wicklow, whose son, Walter, m. 1822, Catherine O'Toole (d. 1824), whose son, Patrick (b. 1823) m. Mary Ann Gaffney and emigrated, 1848, to Illinois, settling eventually in Minnesota, whose grandson, Patrick Butler, of St. Paul, Mo., has done much to champion Irish American interests. Walter's ancestor may well have been the farmer, Patrick Butler of Co. Wicklow, who m., 25 Nov. 1729, at Newcastle (by Newtownmountkennedy), Catherine Storey, spinster of Co. Wicklow (Dublin Marriage Licences) and was probably son of another Patrick Butler by his wife Anastatia (d. 1736). She was described as a widow of Newcastle, Co. Wicklow in her Will (B.T.R., 41). This pocket of Butlers in O'Byrne country emanated perhaps from the ancient Butler Barony of Arklow, for the history of which see Coll. Gen. (ed. Foster), I, 46-48.

Q19. [BJ v1n3]

AMERICA - What is the ancestry of the Butlers of the flourishing Butler Company of Hinsdale, Illinois?

Their direct male line can be traced as far back as Lt. William Butler (1653-1730) of Chebacco, Ipswich, Mass., and his first wife, Sarah, da. of Roben Cross of Ipswich, Mass. (Essex Deeds, xxvi, 91). Who was William's father? There is a tradition that the family came from Yorkshire and were related to the Butlers of Ireland, which suggests a connection with the Butlers of Baildon (see page 223).

19. [BJ v1n4] Lt William Butler (1653-1730) of Mass., U.S.A. [3:219].

He is said to have been born in Ireland "of the Ormonde Butlers" to Sarah, wife of another William Butler and been transported to Brit. W. Indies whence he escaped to the American Colonies (per a descendant, J.D. Kernan of Hamden, Conn.).

19. [BJ v1n7] William Butler (1653-1730), Lt., of Massachusetts (pp. 209& 299).

As to his descendants, the booklet, F.O. Butler, "Some account of the Descendants of Lt. William Butler" (1889), has been superseded by E. E. Butler, "Butlers and Kinsfolk" (1944) a book of 326 pages with an excellent index nominum.

Q20. [BJ v1n3]

ASIA - Who was the father of the Miss Butler of the Philippine Islands who there married at the end of the 19th Century a Mr. Burke?

Her great-nephew. Sir William Teeling, says her mother was a Catholic and her father, who made a fortune in Manila, was a Protestant and, moreover, the son of a bishop ("we think a bishop of Lichfield of about 100 years ago"). Samuel Butler (1774-1839) was Bishop of Lichfield, 1836-39 (see Question No. 24 for his ancestry). But as far as is known, he had only one son, Thomas, who became Rector of Langar, Notts. However, if there was another son who found fortune overseas, he may possibly have been disowned by his family for having married a Catholic. Sir William adds that Mrs. Burke nee Butler, grew immensely rich from her extensive stores and other property in Manila, that her three sons, surnamed Butler-Burke. all died childless, and that her eventual heiress was her only da. whose children live in the South of France. We are indebted to Mr. John Curle, the British Ambassador in Manila, for the knowledge that the Miss Butler in question was named Victoria Carlotta. her husband was Dr. John Burke and their eldest son was born 8 Dec. 1869.

20. [BJ v1n5] Victoria née Butler, Mrs Burke of Manila, 1869 [3:219]

She is said to be da. of John Benjamin Butler (1800-1855) by his R.C. wife, née Soames. He was born in Manchester and died in Manila. His aunts married a Hardcastle and a Hoare (per Mme Mialhe, via Sir William Teeling). This Victoria, as an only child, m. at Cath. Church, Santa Anna, Manila, 6.2.1868, John Burke, M.D., 3rd s. of Joseph Burke of Owen, Co. Galway. (Freeman's Jo., 5.4.1868).

Q21. [BJ v1n3]

AUSTRALASIA - Who was Capt. William Butler, b. 1814, who immigrated into New Zealand in 1839?

The enquiry comes from his great-grand-da., Mrs. Hancock of Auckland, N. Z., who adds: "We know he was of the Ormonde Butler family; but he seems to have been reticent about his connections. In 1839 he came in the ship "Diana" and settled in the Bay of Islands. He has many descendants in N. Z., although no males of the name of Butler."

21. [BJ v1n4] Capt. William Butler (b. 1814) of New Zealand [3:219].

His motto was: Timor Domini Fons Vitae; and his shield: or, a chief indented az., with 3 escallop shells in bend countercharged (per Mrs Hancock of N.Z., quoting 2473, Mdx. Herald Office, 44 High Holborn, 29 Oct. 1856).

Comment- The motto is of the Dunboyne branch and so has this particular shield been since 1660. Capt. William might be the William who was 2nd s. of Richard, s. of Richard (d. 1799), s. of James Butler of Park, Co. Tipp. Neither William Butler (1814-75) of Park nor William Butler (1814-1906) of Wilton emigrated from Ireland.

21. [BJ v1n5] Capt. William Butler (1814-1875) of New Zealand [3:219; 4:299]

He was s. of James (b.1756), s. of Rev. Duke (1723-1779) of Okeford, near Blandford, Dorset, s. of Thomas Butler (d.1744) of Camberwell, Surrey, who was born on Butler's Sugar Estate, St James's parish, Windward, Nevis, W. Indies (G.A. Beale, Butlers of Okeford, printed privately, Cadenza Press, 1972). Thomas (d.1744) was 3rd s. of Capt. Thomas (d.1687/8) of Nevis. Their arms were: Or, on a chief indented az. 3 covered cups of the first (Caribbeana, ii,60 & iv,192). It has been suggested that Capt. Thomas may have been deported by Cromwell from Ireland to W. Indies. But his arms suggest descent from the Butlers of Yatton (see Q. 47 & 72).

Q22. [BJ v1n3]

What was the ancestry of Capt. Henry Butler of Little Green, Chaddeston, Lancs., who in the mid-l9th century married Harriett, formerly Horrox?

Their daughter was born 11 April 1860 and named in her birthcertificate as Caroline Elizabeth Newland. Mr. Kenneth Butler-Evans of Morecambe (whence come the shrimps!) is her grandson. The name of Henry was much favoured by the Butlers of Rawcliffe, Lancs., and more information about the intervening generations might establish that this Henry was descended from the Henry Butler of Rawcliffe who, born c. 1584, had three wives and at least fourteen children.

22. [BJ v1n4] Capt. Henry Butler of 19th cent. Lancs. [3:220].

He was Henry Padwick Butler (b. 1833), s. of Ebenezer (ca. 1800-40), Surgeon of High St., Woolwich, Kent, s. of John (ca. 1766-1840), Surgeon of Rectory Place, Woolwich [Parish Reg., St. Mary Mag., Woolwich; 1838 Will of John, PCC Arden 80; 1840 Will of Ebenezer, ibid, 740). John also held freeholds in East Hill, Hastings, Sussex [his 1838 Will]. Harriett Butler (ca. 1813-58) was his cousin [Woolwich 1851 Census] and was da. of William Butler of St Mary’s Farm, Nettlebed, Oxon. [The Times, 24 Nov. 1858].

Comment- Q.51 may be connected.

22. [BJ v1n5] John Butler (ca. 1766-1840) of Woolwich [3:220; 4:299]

Nathan Butler of Woolwich, Brewer, aged ca. 30, applied, 12.8.1663, for licence to marry at St Martin's, Ludgate, Anne, nee Roberts, of Deptford, Kent, aged ca. 20 (Harl. Soc. xxxiii,98). On the other hand, this John might be g.s. of Thomas Butler of Ely (see Q.80).

Q23. [BJ v1n3]

Who was the father of the 18th century coachmaker, James Butler of Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London?

Possibly he descended from Sir James Butler of Lincoln's Inn (c. 1629-c. 1704), the illegimate son of the 1st Duke of Onnonde by Isabella Rich, da. of the first Earl Holland, or from the James who was admitted to Lincoln's Inn, 27 Oct. 1660, as 2nd s. of Richard Butler of Ballyquin, Co. Waterford, and whom Blake Butler questionably thought was the same person as Sir James. This coachmaker's chief memorial is the four-ton State Coach he completed in 1762 for George III, not to be confused with the vehicle known as the Irish State Coach, the original of which was built by Mr. Hutton, Lord Mayor of Dublin and bought by Queen Victoria on her visit to Dublin in 1852. The coach that Butler made has been described as "the most superb carriage ever built". Drawn by eight postillion-ridden bays, it still lumbers through London on great occasions (London Chronicle, 8 Jan. 1761 et seq.; Jo of the Clerk of the Stables, P.R.O., London; The Times, 26 Nov. 1962).

Q24. [BJ v1n3]

What was the ancestry of Samuel Butler (1835-1902), the author of "Erewhon"?

He was son of Thomas, s. of Samuel (1774-1839), s. of William Butler of Kenilworth, Warwickshire. William may have been of the family of Ralph le Botiller (died c. 1281) of Oversley, Warw., who was Butler to the Earl of Leicester. Samuel (1774-1839) was a brilliant classical scholar and Bishop of Lichfield for the last three years of his life. In 1798 he became Headmaster of Shrewsbury and married Harriet, da. of Rev. East Apthorp. By her he had Thomas and Mary, wife of Edward Bather, and Harriet. Thomas was Rector of Langar, Notts., where Samuel (1835-1902) was born. This Samuel was something of a phenomenon: well known as the author of "Erewhon" and The Way of All flesh", he was also an artist who regularly exhibited at the Academy (one of his paintings is in the Tate Gallery, London) and he composed oratorios.

Q25. [BJ v1n3]

What was the ancestry of Samuel Butler (1612-1680), author of "Hudibras"?

He was 5th child and 2nd s. of another Samuel Butler who was a farmer and churchwarden in Stensham, Worcs. (Diet. Nat. Biog.) It is not yet known if he was connected with the Butlers of Claynes, Worcs. (for whose ancestry see Butler Jo., I, 65). His fame is based on his formidable mock-heroic poem, "Hudibras", which reflects his reaction to Puritanism. His memorial in Westminister Abbey is next to Milton's. It was provided by a Lord Mayor called John Barber which caused Pope to quip:

"But whence, this Barber? that a name so mean

Should, join'd with Butler's, on a tomb be seen".

25. [BJ v1n5]

Samuel Butler of Worcs., 1610 [3:220]

For "Stensham" read "Strensham". Susan, da. of Richard Butler of Strensham, Worcs., m., mid-16th cent. Richard Harris of Walton, Glos. (Harl.Soc. xxi,77; xxvii,109)

25. [BJ v1n7] Samuel Butler of Worcestershire (pp. 220 & 409)

The first mention of Butler in Strensham parish register was 1575 when Elizabeth Butler in. William Badger (The Genealogist, vi, 180). Samuel Butler, the author, was baptired there 14 Feb. 1612/ 13. His father's lease of property in Strensham expired 1619/21, when the family returned to Barbourne in Claines. Samuel, the author, was s. of Samuel (d. 1626), s. of Richard (d. 1598/9) of Claines (Revue Anglo-Americaine, i, 213). So, like Lord Butler of Saffron Walden, the author of "Hudibras" descended from one of the many Richards of the Butlers of Claines, Worcs. (Notes & Queries, ccxi. 15).

25. [BJv1n8] Samuel Butler (1610) of Worcs. (pp. 220, 409 & 586).

Not only was the poet, Samuel Butler (1613-1680), descended from the Butlers of Claines, but sometime between 1645 and 1658, he was living near, and probably had some connection with, Gray's Inn, as M. Wilding of Sydney University has noted (Notes & Queries, ccxvi, 293). It was in Gray's Inn Chapel that Richard Butler of St Helen's in Worcester City (and formerly almost certainly of Claines) when a widower, in 1695, m. Mrs Elizabeth Carte of Poole Court, Bushley, Worcs. (J. Foster, Marr. Reg. of G.I. Chapel, p. xxiv).

Q26. [BJ v1n3]

Who was the Richard Butler who in 1664 gave a votive tablet to La Rochelle Cathedral?

Maurice Craig reports the tablet is still there with its legend: "Notre Dame de Port Salut, donna par Richard Butler, 1664". This Richard must have been the shipowner and planter who c.1650 emigrated from Galway to La Rochelle (R. Hayes, Biog. Dict. of Irishmen in France). He m. Madeleine Courcoison, a native of La Rochelle, and by her had Margaret whose marriage in 1675 to John Butler was the foundation of the De Butler family (see Butler Jo., I, 108). This John's paternal grandfather, another John Butler, had a brother, Richard, who m. Jane Athey (G. 0., MS., 162) and was probably father or grandfather of the votive tablet's donor.

Q27. [BJ v1n3]

Who was the Richard Butler whose daughter, Elizabeth, married, 1680, Thomas Minchin of Busherstown, King's Co?

He was Richard Butler of Barrowmount, Co. Kilkenny (d.s.p.m.,1678), 3rd s. of Pierce, 1st s. of 1st Viscount Galmoy, s. of Piers, illegit. s. of 10th Earl of Ormond. The enquirer is Col. R.G.E. Minchin who is the present occupier of Busherstown, Offaly. He confirms that Thomas and Elizabeth left three das. The eldest was Anne, (d. 1711), whose devoted husband, Thomas Parnell (1679-1718) was, nearly a year after her death, still ill with grief, according to Swift.

Q28. [BJ v1n3]

Who was the Anne Butler who married Thomas Dallin (or "Dallan") at the end of the 17th century?

Their 2nd da., Margaret, married, 6 Nov. 1719, at Ballinacarrick,Co. Wexford. Thomas Thompson (1693-1780) of Coolynaboy. Co. Wexford. Thomas and Margaret Thompson were Quakers and cohabited at Deeps-on-Slaney, Co. Wexford where his father, John Thompson, had come from England to settle. Their descendants include Miss Doris McCullagh of Dublin and Mr. N. King Harris of Hens., both of whom have separately quoted the rather surprising tradition that Anne was a da. of a Duke of Ormonde. She is unlikely to have been even an illegit. da. of the 1st Duke, although she might conceivably have been a da. of his illegit. son, James Butler (see also under Question No. 23). If a da. of the 2nd Duke, she must have been illegit.; but there appears to be no mention of her or any of her descendants in the Earl of Arran's Will in which the testator in 1757 was careful to provide for other illegit. issue of his brother, the 2nd Duke. The Will is printed in full at p. 72 of the Minutes of Evidence of the Butler of Moore Park Barony Case. The reference to Quakers, as well as Co. Wexford, suggests Anne may have been of the same family as Richard Butler, the Quaker, whose family held land in Co. Wexford, although in 1710 he was in Bristol (Butler Jo., I, 64). Again, the Mountgarrets were closely associated with Co. Wexford and Anne may have been a da. of the 5th Viscount.

28. [BJ v1n5] Anne née Butler, Mrs Dallin [3:221]

Thomas Thomson, merchant, who was admitted freeman of Enniscorthy, Co. Wexford, 1780 (Hore, Hist. of Wex., vi,544) may be s. of Mrs Dallin's da., Margaret.

28. [BJ v1n6] Anne née Butler (17th cent.), Mrs Dallin [3:221;5:409]

The family of Noel-Baker also descend from this Anne (per N. King-Harris of Letchworth, Herts).

Q29. [BJ v1n3]

Who was the Sarah Butler (b. 1785) who married Thomas Singleton of Ferns, Co. Wex ford?

Their great-great-grand-da.. Mrs. Kidd of Ontario, recounts a belief that Thomas was a Protestant and Sarah, a Catholic and that they eloped when he was employed by her father and she was out riding. Mrs. Kidd adds that they and their two sons, William (b. 1812) and John (b. 1815) migrated from Ireland to Canada in 1817. Eleanor Butler, da. of 1st Viscount Galmoy (d. 1653) once married a Mr. Masterson of Ferns, Co. Wexford. Possibly Sarah was also of the Galmoy branch.

29. [BJ v1n4] Sarah, nee Butler (1785-1840), Mrs Singleton [3:222].

Jim Butler of Texas has discovered that Henry Butler’s Bible records Sarah as da. of Richard, s. of William, s. of James Butler of Clonachona, Co. Carlow [see Q.36] and as wife of Samuel, not Thomas, Singleton.

Q30. [BJ v1n4]

Anna Maria, nee Butler (b. 1 799) wife of W.F. Bentley.

She was da. "of a Butler and a Lady Thompson or of Thomas Butler and Ann Sullivan of Cork", and was 2nd wife of William Frederic Bentley (per her great-grandson’s wife, Mrs Mulock-Bentley of Eshowe, Zululand).

Comment- If Cork is really a clue, Anna Maria’s father might be the Thomas who was s. of Edward Butler of Loghane, Muskerry, Co. Cork (B.T.R. 173 and 336).

Q31. [BJ v1n4]

Baillis Butler (b. in Westmoreland Co., Virginia, 1779).

A colonel, he served in the 1812 War (per his descendant, W.J. Butler of Illinois).

Comment- He may have descended from one of Thomas Boteler’s 5 sons who fled, ca. 1650, to Westmoreland Co. (see Q.47).

Q32. [BJ v1n4]

Edward Butler, immigrant (d.. in Wilkes Co., Georgia, 1809).

He emigrated, 1736/58, from Ireland with his mother, Susannah, wife, Elizabeth, and children. His Will named his issue: John, Elizabeth, Kitty, Nancy, Zacchariah (b. in Ireland, 1736; d. in Elbert Co., Ga., 1838). David and Lucy (per M. Butler Evans of Alabaster, U.S.A.).

Comment- A Susanna, widow of Edward Butler of Mullingar, Co. Westmeath, was granted, 1751, administration of that Edward’s estate (B.T.R. 337).

Q33. [BJ v1n4]

Eleanor Butler (d. 1468 ) supposed fiancee of King Edward IV.

The enquirer is Mrs Legg of 5 Reculver Walk, Maidstone, Kent.

Comment- Even The Complete Peerage is reticent about Eleanor’s parentage. But C.A. Crofton, an authority on the subject, has kindly confirmed she was da. of John Talbot, 1st E. of Shrewsbury [Rolls ofParlt,1 R. III, VI, f.241; and the 1st Earl’s 1452 Will, mentioning his "dowghter, Elianore", printed in Transactions, Salop Arch. & N..H. Soc.; most of the Shrewsbury MSS are in the Brit. Museum]. So her father happened to be grandson of Pernel, da. of James, 1st E. of Ormond, while her half-bro., John, 2nd E. of Shrewsbury, m. Elizabeth, da. of James, 4th E. of Ormond. Eleanor had, by 1452, m. Sir Thomas Butler, 5. of Ralph (d. 1473), 1st and last Baron Sudeley by patent and a descendant from the E. of Leicester’s butler, Ralph le Botiller ( of Oversley, Warwickshire. Sir Thomas died s.p., by 1468 and probably by 1464. Eleanor died s.p., 30 June 1468 [Ch. Inq. p. m., 8 E. IV, No.39 ]. Posthumously she left her mark on history. For, on the sudden death of Edward IV in 1483, it was bruited abroad that by 1464 he had "stode maryed" to her. The "Princes in the Tower" (by Elizabeth Woodville whom he secretly espoused, 1 May 1464) were accordingly deemed bastards and Richard III was crowned in their stead [Rolls of Parlt, supra; Philippe de Comines, Memoires; Baker, Chronicles of Kings of England, 232; The Genealogist, N.S., V, 199]. Crofton believes Eleanor was Edward’s mistress but doubts he promised to marry her. Such a pledge could only have been made when she was a widow.

33. [BJ v1n7] Eleanor Butler (d. 1468) and King Edward IV (p. 290).

A valuable contribution to this subject in Notes & Queries, cli, 444, seeks to show how Shakespeare was misled by Archbishop Morton's distortion of the facts. But, surprisingly, the years of marriage, and death, of Sir Thomas Butler, which are so relevant, remain unidentified. The detailed biography of his father Ralph, (d. 1473) in The Complete Peerage, omits to mention, that this Butler was custodian of Joan 0f Arc at the Chateau de Crotoy (Dr Lomier in Revue des Etudes Historiques, 1933) which must have been when he was Bailiff of Rouen from 1430. Later he became Chief Butler of England, 1434-58, and Baron Sudeley by patent, 1441.

Q34. [BJ v1n4]

Henry Butler (1798-1852), emigrant from Ireland to Canada..

He emigrated with at least one bro., James, and married in Canada or Detroit, Michigan. Henry had 3 das. and 5 s., including Henry (1838-1910) who m. in Arkansas, Louisa Tomberland (per their grandson, D.F. Butler, Jr, of Wetumpka, Alabama).

Comment- Although contemporary, the Henry Butler who migrated to Quebec, 1810/18 [see Q.11] seems to be another Henry.

Q35. [BJ v1n4]

Isobel, nee Butler, wife (m. 1737) of John Fitzgerald.

She is believed to be of Kilmoodan or Kilvoleghan and perhaps qf the family of Sir Toby Butler (1650-1720). At her marriage feast, 9 Aug. 1737, her husband, the Knight of Glin, danced himself to death (per the present Knight of Glin).

Comment- Kilmoodan could mean Kilmead, a Fitzgerald residence, or Kilmeedan, a Le Poer stronghold. Again, Kilvoleghan could be a corruption of Kilmoyler which was variously spelt Kilmoligher and Kilveager; if so, Isobel may be descended from Pierce, 7th s. of 9th E. of Ormond, e.g. da. of Thomas, s. of Theobald of Kilmoyler, Co. Tipp. (whose sister was Sir Toby’s mother), s. of James Butler of Kilmoyler (whose 1st cousin, Margaret, nee Butler, m. Maurice Fitzgerald of Lackagh, Co. Kildare).

Q36. [BJ v1n4]

James Butler (ca. 1 700) of Clonachona, Co. Carlow.

His younger s., William (d. 1737) of Ballycooge, Co. Wicklow, m., 1731, Anne, da. of R. Pierce of Kilpipe, Co. Wicklow and had a son, Richard (1824) of Banogue, Gorey, Co. Wexford (see also Q.29 Addenda below) whose 7th s., George (1786-1841) of Banogue (see also Q.55) had a 2nd s., Henry (1822-82) of Banogue (per this Henry’s Family Bible). Clonachona is Broomville, just N.E. of Ballintemple (O.S. 1908 Map, Carlow, Sheet 14).

Comment- We are indebted for the above information to Jim Butler of Texas and his parents of Dublin. Jim is s. of James (b. 1906, who hit the headlines in 1934 when he foiled an armed Bank-robber), s. of James (1857-1935), s. of the above Henry. William Paul Butler was of Broomville. He was 4th s. of Sir Richard (1699-1771), 5th Bt., s. of James who, being 2nd s. of Sir Thomas, 3rd Bt., of Garryhundon, Co. Carlow, was very likely of Clonachona and the James in question. The Will of 23 Aug. 1720 of James, s. of Sir Thomas, was proved, 14 March 1723, in Armagh Prerogative Court (Cockayne, Complete Baronetage).

Q37. [BJ v1n4]

James Butler ( 1800) of Ross Commons, Co. Clare.

By his wife, Mary, nee McKenna, he had Thomas James (b. at Ross Commons, ca. 1830; d. 1872; interred at Grand Rapids, Michigan, U.S.A.) who m., 1861, Anne McGuire, born in Co. Clare (per Coronel Tomas J. Butler of Panama).

Comment- Their descent may be from William Butler (d. 1720/35) of Rosroe, Co. Clare [B.T.R. 307] , who is believed to be of the Mountgarret branch.

Q38. [BJ v1n4]

Joe Butler (b. 1840), immigrant to Australia, 1884.

He migrated with his wife, Eliza (b. 1840) in "The Duke of Buckingham" from Plymouth to Brisbane. William Henry Butler [see Q.40] was also on board (per H.L. Kilpatrick of W. Australia).

Q39. [BJ v1n4]

John Butler (1773-1841) of Dominick Street, Dublin.

He died in Paradise Row, Dublin. In 1840 he bought Vault 334-91 in Mount Jerome Cemetery, Harold’s Cross, Dublin. His son, John (ca. 1800-1880) of 20 Leinster Sq., Rathmines, Dublin, had, by Susan Grace, nee Armstrong, a younger son, Charles Joseph (ca. 1850-1904) whose signet ring bore the crest of Butler of Ireland (per his son, Percy Charles, who has kindly sent us particulars of those interred in the Butler Vault at Mount Jerome).

Elizabeth Mary (ca. 1845-1880), called "Idie", da. of John Butler (ca. 1800-1880), m., 1868, Frank Edward Day-Lewis (per Mrs Dawson, da. of Mrs Norris, da. of Frank and Idie).

Comment- The Poet Laureate, Cecil Day-Lewis (1904-1972) was grandson of Frank and Idie. In The Buried Day, he wrote of "the satisfaction I get from imagining that through my Butler grandmother I may have been distantly related to William Butler Years- a poet who, if Anglo-Irish in little else, was comically so in his satisfaction at inheriting blood which had not passed through any huckster’s loin". John Butler (d. 1783) of Dublin mentioned Rathmines in his Will [B.T.R. 232]. He was descended from Edmond (d. 1491), elder illegit. bro. of Piers, 8th E. of Ormond and seems to have had no Butler grandson, but was ancestor of W.B. Yeats. The Rathmines link suggests John (d. 1783) may have been of the same branch as John (ca. 1800-1880), in which case the Butler connection between Yeats and Day-Lewis would not have been very remote. [Ed 1998: This comment needs now to be reviewed in the light of recent research into the ancestors of WB Yeats.]

Q40. [BJ v1n4]

John Butler, M.D. ( 1810) of Ireland.

He m. Cecilia, formerly Phelan. Their son, William Henry (b. 1842 at Callan, Co. Kilkenny), m. at Church of the Assumption, Tullaroan, Co. Kilkenny, 1 June 1870, Maria-Teresa Hackett, and emigrated, 1884, in "The Duke of Buckingham", from Plymouth, Devon, to Brisbane, Queensland per H.L. Kilpatrick of Wembley, W. Australia).

Comment- A Thomas Hackett witnessed the 1702 Will [B.T.R.. 255] of Piers Butler, a descendant, through the Butlers of Callan, from Theobald of Kilcooley [see also Q.43], younger bro. of James Butler ( 1561), ancestor of the earls of Carrick.

40. [BJv1n8] John Butler, M.D. ( bn. ca. 1810), of Ireland (p. 292).

His wife, Cecilia, d. 1844 in Kilkenny (Lim. Chron., 10.8.1844). He was probably the Dr John Butler of Kilkenny whose bro. Rev. Michael (d. 1816) was bn in Palmerston, Co. Kilkenny and had a nephew, John Monck of John's Bridge, Co. Kilkenny (Carrigan, Ossory, iv, 198).

Q41. [BJ v1n4]

John Butler (b.,ca. 1815) of Clounegroe, Co. Clare.

By his wife, Honora, he had a da. who, as Anne of Clounegroe, m. in R. C. Chapel, Killanena, 13 Feb. 1870, William Collins of Curraclune (per their grandchild, J.B. Koesterer of Ohio).

Comment- John and William Butler part-occupied Lecarrow, 1659, and Lecarrowgarry, 1664, respectively; and under the Acts of Settlement, Richard Butler acquired Corracloon- all, like Killanena, in Feakle parish, Co. Clare [Frost, Hist. of Co. Clare, 518]. The Dunboyne Collection of 19th cent. Co.Clare Press Cuttings in Nat. Lib., Dublin, might help.

Q42. [BJ v1n4]

Joseph Butler (b. in Nenagh, Co. Tipperary, ca. 1830) of Lincs.

He moved to Co. Wicklow, m. a Carnelly of Co. Wicklow and removed, in the 1880’s, to Epsworth, Lincs. (per his great-grandson, W.W. Butler of Knutsford, Cheshire).

Q43. [BJ v1n4]

Judith, nee Butler, wife ( 1860) of Thomas Costello.

This "Judy" came from near Tullaroan, Co. Kilkenny (per her great-grand-da., Miss M. CostelIo of Urlingford, Co. Kilkenny).

Comment- Her ancestors may have been Peter Butler (d. 1565) of Bonnetstown, Co. Kilkenny and his wife, Helen, nee Grace, both of whom were interred in Tullaroan Church [S. Grace, Memoirs of Grace Family]. That Peter was s. of Thomas, younger bro. of Theobald of Kilcooley [see also Q.40], and had descendants who have not yet been traced later than 1699, when that Peter’s great~grandson, Peter Butler of Rathely (a farm in Bonnetstown barony) mentioned James and Edward as his sons in his Will [B.T.R. 130].

Q44. [BJ v1n4]

Peregrine Butler (d.,ca. 1760) of Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

He m. Elizabeth, da. of Benjamin Greene of Dungarvan. Their da., Mary, nee Butler (d. 1819), m., 1760, Dr William Fellowes (per their descendant, Miss P. Lloyd of Perth, Australia).

Comment- Peregrine seems to have had no son but 9 das., of whom Mary was eldest [B. T. R. 345].

Q45. [BJ v1n4]

Richard Butler (b.,ca. 1830) of Bank Place, Tipperary.

Believed to be son of another Richard, he was born at Bank Place to Winifred, nee McCarthy. His wife was Mary, nee O’Neill who at Bank Place, 1876, bore him Redmond (per Redmond’s da., Mrs John Hayes of California).

Q46. [BJ v1n4]

Robert Butler of The Three Nunns Inn, Aidgate, London by 1789.

In Aldgate High Street, at this busy coaching Inn, which Robert did not own, his wife, Mary, bore him Robert and Phineas, baptised at St Botolph’s, Aldgate, 1789 and 1791 respectively. Phineas (1791-1843), who was a Royal Marine, 1809-16, cheese-porter, 1816-29, and London policeman, 1829-43, m., 1820, at St Martin’s Outwich, Threadneedle Street, Jane Elizabeth Hall, both of that parish. There is a family tradition of Irish ancestry (per Roger Butler of Chislehurst, Kent, a descendant of Phineas).

Comment- Richard, s. of Richard of St Botolph’s parish, Aldgate, gent., was admitted to Middle Temple, 1677 [Sturgess, M.T. Register, 1, 195]. Robert Butler of 1789 could be the Robert, 8th s. of Thomas and Ann [see Q.48]. A Robert Butler was restaurateur, 64 Threadneedle Street, 1800; another was hosier and glover, 67 Gracechurch Street, 1791, and another, evidently his son, was glover in St Martin’s Outwich parish, 1820 [London Directories].

Q47. [BJ v1n4]

Thomas Boteler (d.1644/6) of Kent Island, Maryland, U.S.A.

He and his bro., John (d. 1642), were, by 1637, living in Kent Island. There they supported William Claiborne (their sister’s husband) against the Calverts. The widow of this Thomas fled, ca. 1650, with their five sons [see also Q.31 ] from Kent Island to Westmoreland Co., Va. Their surname was thereafter spelt "Butler" . (per Mrs Fabyan of Manchester, Mass., and Mrs Dawsey of S. Carolina, respectively descended from the 1st and 2nd of the five sons).

Comment- Thomas emigrated from England, 1635/7. He was s. of John Boteler of Little Burch Hall, Roxwell, Essex, who moved, 1543, to Essex from Sharnbrook, near Bedford, s. of George who moved to Sharnbrook from Wyche, Worcs., s. of William, s. of William, who moved to Wyche from Yatton, now in Somerset, s. of William, s. of Nicholas (who m., late 14th cent., Jane, da. and h. of John Butler of Droitwich, Worcs.), s. of John, s. of John, s. of Robert le Boutilleur (12th cent.) of Yatton [J.B. Brodie, Virginia Hist. Genealogies, 1954, pp. 18 et seq.]

47. [BJ v1n5] Thomas Boteler (d. ca. 1645) of Maryland [4:294]

Add "s. of John" before "s. of George". See also Q. 72.

47. [BJ v1n6] Thomas Boteler (d. 1644/6) of Maryland, [4:294;5:409]

For "Brodie", read "Boddie" on p.295.

47. [BJ v1n7] Thomas Boteler (d. 1644/6) of Maryland (pp. 294, 409 & 495).

He was dead by Feb. 1646 (Maryland Archives, v, 15). His widow, Joan, subsequently m. Edward Thompson (Westmoreland Orders, i, 79). Boddie's version of this Thomas's paternity is suspect. For Thomas Boteler of Fryerning, Essex (2nd s. & h. of John by Jane née Elliot) seems to be a different man who d. 1681, having m., 1637, Isabel, da. of Sir Henry Bosville, (B.M. ADD MS 34, 3725, p.21; Burke, Commoners, i, 516).

Q48. [BJ v1n4]

Thomas Butler (b. 1726), ultimately of Enfield, Middlesex.

There is a family tradition of an Irish connection. Thomas retired to Enfield from business in London. A lost Family Bible showed he had by his wife, Ann, 14 children, living in 1796: Rebecca, Thomas, Henry George, Richard, James, John, Daniel, Robert, Joseph, Ann, Sarah, Keziah and Sophia who was born ca. 1788 [per John Butler of 13 Connaught Gardens, London, N.10, descended from the 2nd child, Thomas).

Comment- The 9th child might be the Robert Butler who was merchant and insurance broker of Old South Sea House, 1820 (London Directory).

Q49. [BJ v1n4]

Thomas Butler of Ireland, husband (m., by 1830) of Mary nee Barron.

Their son, Pierce, was baptised an R.C. at Inistioge, Co. Kilkenny, 1830, and, by 1862, emigrated to Australia whither his sister, Bridget, had gone, 1859. Elizabeth was another sister. Their cousin, Anastasia Galaban, m. Pierce Body of Kilkenny and also emigrated to Australia. Pierce Butler (baptised 1830) m. Agnes, nee Rabbage, and by her, had Bernard (per Miss R.E. Butler of Victoria, Australia, da. of Robert, s. of this Bernard).

Comment- The above Elizabeth may have been the Miss Eliza Butler of Inistioge who m., 1857, Thomas Dwyer of Waterford [Limerick Chronicle, 24 Jan. 1857]. Inistioge, being but 6 miles from Graignamanagh (i.e. Duiske) suggests a Galmoye descent, though Thomas Butler (d.,ca. 1642) of Inistioge, ancestor of the Butlers of Gallstown, Co. Kilkenny, was of the Neigham branch. In 1855, the wife of a Rev. Piers Butler gave birth to a da. at Mamre, Inistioge [Dublin Evening Mail, 31 Oct. 1855].

49. [BJ v1n5] Thomas Butler, m., 1830, Mary née Barron [4:295]

Rev. Pierce Butler [4:296] was of the Galmoye branch. He was not of Inistioge before 1852 nor was he R.C. So he is not relevant. But Mary, relict of a Pierce Butler, d. at her residence in Main Street, Clonmel, 12.9.1871. (Freeman's Jo., 20.9.1871, which adds "American and Australian papers please copy").

Q50. [BJ v1n4]

Thomas Butler of Williamstown, Co. Tipperary, 4 generations ago.

Williamstown (100 acres) is owned by Theobald (whose big bro., John, has 14 children), s. of Michael, s. of Theobald, s. of George, s. of Thomas Butler. He says his family acquired 700 acres there in the 16th century.

Comment- He is likely to be of the Carrick branch from John (younger bro. of 1st E. of Ormond) whose direct descendant, Francis Butler of Courtnabouly, Kilkenny, mentioned Williamstown in his 1758 Will [B.T.R. 188]. Francis may have acquired it through his wife, Elizabeth (apparently miscopied in B.T.R. 188 as "Sarah", which was the name of his da.-in-law), da. of Richard Butler of Ballynahinch, Co. Tipp. It seems that Francis’s 3 sons, Thomas, Richard and Alexander, died s.p. and Williamstown devolved on an as yet unidentified William Butler who was dead by 1826 when administration of his goods was granted [B.T.R. 525]. William had a da., Ann Ellinor, who m. Mr Hunt and Mr Hayes Nicholas Jones [B. T.R. 345 and 529]. One of William’s principal legatees was a Thomas Butler [B. T. R. 529] who may be the Thomas in question. Killenaule, only 5 miles S.W. of Williamstown, seems to have been owned in the 17th cent. by Richard Butler of the Grantstown line from Pierce, 7th s. of 9th E. of Ormond; it is also mentioned in the 1771 Will of John Butler of Ballynahill, Queen’s Co. [B.T.R. 331].

50. [BJ v1n5]

Thomas Butler of Williamstown, Co. Tip. [4:296]

Three of the 67 Irish Butlers killed in the 1914 War were born in Ballingarry, Co. Tip. (which is Williamstown's postal address): Pte James Butler, No. 9420 (d.1917), 2nd Bn., Royal Irish Regt. Pte John Butler, No. 9054 (d.1916), 3rd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Gdsmn William Butler, No. 7404 (d.1916), 2nd Bn, Irish Gds. (Ireland's Memorial Records, i. 308-312).

Q51. [BJ v1n4]

Thomas Butler, husband, in 1820’s, of a da. of Baron Ackerman of Leipzig.

He used the crest of Butler of Ireland. She bore him in London, 8 Jan. 1828, Selena Jane (per S.J.’s grand-da., Mrs Cowper of Cape, S. Africa).

Comment- He was probably the Thomas Butler of Manor House, Headington, Oxon [see also Q.22] whose da., Selina Jane, m. at Holy Trinity, Tunbridge Wells, 29 Jan. 1863, Williain Harries Eaton of Drooge Vlei, Cape of Good Hope [The Times, 1863].

Q52. [BJ v1n4]

Thomas Butler of Co. Tipp., husband (m.,ca. 1840) of Johanna, nee Walsh or Dwyer.

Their son, David (ca. 1842-1905) emigrated to U.S.A., ca. 1847, presumably with his parents, and m., 1873 (by an R.C. Pastor in Cumberland, Rhode Island), Mary, da. of James and Ellen Fitzgerald ( per David and Mary’s grandson, David A. Butler of Providence, R.I.).

Comment- It may or may not be relevant that Lt William Butler, R.N. (1814-1847) of the Mountgarret branch, m 1841, Katherine (d. 1844), da. of John Walsh and had by her a son, Walter (1842-50).

Q53. [BJ v1n4]

William Butler, emigrant from Ireland soon after 1650.

He is believed to have emigrated from N. Ireland to New England with his two bros., Henry and Jonathan. Smith Butler (1757-1825) of Worcester, Mass., ancestor of the Butlers of Sardinia, some 40 miles from Buffalo, N.Y., was 6th of the 12 sons of John, s. of Jonathan or John, s. of this William (per Smith’s descendants, Barrett Butler and Mrs Caine, both of N.Y.).

Comment- A Butler of 1650 is more likely to have come from S., than N., Ireland.

Q54. [BJ v1n4]

William Butler (1801-1856), Surgeon-Capt., H.E.I.C.S.

He m. at Kamptee, Madras, 1 March 1863, Louisa, da. of Capt James Matthews and had by her William John (b. 1846), Louise Charlotte and Marianne Victoria (per the enquirer, A.W.D. Mitton, genealogist. 239 Earls Ct Rd, London, S.W.5).

Comment- On joining the E. India Company, William (1801-56) swore his belief that he was b. "in Montreath, Ireland, 6 Dec. 1801" (per W. Reid, Director, Nat. Army Museum, London). Presumably "Montreath" was the town of Mountrath, Queen’s Co., which shares a railway station with Castletown. Francis Butler (ca. 1770-1815) of Castletown, Queen’s Co., who was descended from Theobald, s. of James, 12th Lord Dunboyne, had by his wife, Hannah, da. of Robert White of Cregoran, Queen’s Co., with younger issue, John, b.,ca. 1800 [T.C.D. Register] and Caroline, b. 16 Jan.1803 [Reg. of Offerlane, the parish in which Castletown is]. William’s 1801 birth might have been sandwiched between John and Caroline, perhaps when the family were living at Moneyquill, Co. Tipp., before they moved to Castletown.

Q55. [BJ v1n4]

William Butler (1825-1905) of Marriott, Utah, U.S.A.

He was b. at Woodview, Gorey, Co. Wexford, s. of George Butler (1786-1841). William left Ireland, ca. 1848, for Canada, reaching Salt Lake City in Sept. 1850. On coming back to Erin, he m. in England, 1856, Emma, da. of William Harvey, and returned with her to Utah where he eventually acquired and farmed a large tract of land in Marriott near Ogden (per his grandson, Howard L. Butler of Ogden).

Comment- William (1825-1905) was 4th s. of George (1786-1841), 7th s. of Richard, s. of William, s. of James Butler of Clonachona [see Q.36]. In 1850 Salt Lake City was expanding as a depot for the Californian gold rush. Moreover in the Mormons’ newly established "land of the working bee", polygamy was countenanced. William’s English wife, Emma, bore him ten children, 1857-74, while one of his four other wives, Ellen, nee Close, was bearing him seven. So his descendants are legion.


Q56. [BJ v1n5]

Agnes Butler (b. ca. 1867)

Clues- She was an orphan, aged 10, 'very well behaved and of neat and engaging appearance', when she came before Southwark Magistrates' Court in 1877 because the brother of a constable in M Division who had for some time supported her could no longer afford it. The magistrate was reluctant to commit her to an Industrial School and said he would seek another home for her (Times, 30.7.1877).

Comment- The sequel would be of no less interest than her ancestry.

Q57. [BJ v1n5]

Anstace née Butler, Mrs Patrick St Leger (ca. 1460)

Clues- She m. Patrick St Leger (d.1498) of Tullanbrogue, Co. Kilkenny. Their 1st s., Edmund, was born ca. 1460. According to a note (probably written late 19th cent.) in Lord Doneraile's family archives, "Patrick Sentleger of Tologharbruwe mard. Anstace, da. of Edmund MacRichard Butler" (per enquirer, Baron St Leger of Paris).

Comment- She would thus be da. of Edmund (d.1464), s. of Richard (1395-ca.1440), 2nd s. of 3rd E. of Ormond. If she were base, it would account for her omission from Butler pedigrees. This Edmund's base sons, Pierce and Richard (see HarLMSS. 1425 f 81), with Patrick St Leger and others, seem to have been granted privileges by Innocent VIII in 1491 (White, Irish Monastic Deeds, 107).

Q58. [BJ v1n5]

Elizabeth née (ca. 1760) Butler, Mrs George Bolton.

Clues- She m. George Bolton, Lancashire Banker, of Elm Lodge, Cumberland, and bro. of Mr Sergeant Bolton. His family was of Yorks. and London. Their 2nd da. Mary Jane (d.1827) m. 25.6.1816 at Barton, Westmorland, John Wood and with him emigrated to N.S.W. (per their descendants John Butler Wood and Mrs Machin, of Queensland).

Comment- Elizabeth's arms are as those of the Butlers of Rawcliffe who descend from Roger, bro. of 1st Butler of Ireland (see Q.8). She is most unlikely to be da. of an earl of Ormond as supposed.

Q59. [BJ v1n5]

Gabriel, Count Buttlar of Gran, Hungary, 1755.

Clues- His arms were: quarterly, 1 & 4, or, a chief indented az., 2 & 3, arg., a lion rampant gu. Motto: Soyez Ferme (A. Rodway, Butler Heraldry, MS, p.54). The enquirer is of the Carrick branch, Lady June Hobson of Portugal.

Comment- His motto suggests a Carrick descent. His 2nd da., Elizabeth (d. 1824) m. 1755 Gen. Hon. John Dormer (1730-95). Perhaps a Dormer can help.

59. [BJ v1n6]

Gabriel, Count Buttlar (1722 - 1792) of Gran, Hungary. [5:399]

We thank Frhr. Horst von Buttlar of Oldenburg,W.Germany, for solving this problem. Gabriel Rudolf Jakob, Graf von Buttlar (1722-1792) was s. of Ludwig Johann (1679 - 1752) of the Kurland branch of the Buttlar-Ziegenbergs. Gabriel m., 1754, his first-cousin-once-removed, Barbara Elisabeth von Buttlar and by her had Johann Benedikt Wilhelm, Reichsgraf von Buttlar (1733 1845), whose niece, Eva von Barkoczy, m., 1844, Alexander, Graf Butler-Clonebough (d.1850) of Haimhausen, Bavaria, a descendant of Edmond Theobald Butler of the Paulstown branch of the Ormonds. Alexander Theobald (s. of Alexander and Eva) d.1919, leaving a da., Eveline (b.1879). Burke's 1970 Peerage is clearly wrong in dating the marriage of Gabriel's da., Elisabeth. in 1755. which seems to be her year of birth.

Q60. [BJ v1n5]

Gerald Butler (d. ca. 1798) of Ballyadams, Queen's Co.

Clues- A merchant, he was also of Cashel (Chanc. Bill, 1.8.1766).

Comment- His parentage stumped even T. Blake Butler who thought Gerald must have bought Ballyadams. By Anne, da. of Richard Butler (1716-1755) of the Ballynahinch line which descended from James, 6th Lord Dunboyne (d.1445), Gerald had Maj. Gen. Sir Edward Butler (1770-1824). Pierce Butler of the Grantstown branch m., ca. 1667, Catherine da. of Sir William Bowen of Ballyadams (formerly Kilmokidi), Queen's Co.

60. [BJ v1n6]

Gerald Butler (d. 1797 / 8) of Ballyadams, Queen's Co.

We are indebted to Mrs Wissick of Johannesburg for pointing out that this Gerald was the Garret Butler, named in Annabella's Will of 1741 (B.T.R., 4) which identifies him as s. of Alexander (d.1741), s. of James, s. of Richard, s. of James (d.1659), s. of Richard, s. of William of Brittas, Co. Tip., s. of Theobald, 5th s. of James, 6th Lord Dunboyne (d.1445). Gerald's wife was Anne (Cashel M.L.B., 1756). But she was da. of David Butler (d.1741) of Hemmingstown and Garranlea, Co. Tip. (not, as Blake Butler in a rare aberration assumed, da. of Richard Butler of Ballynahinch). Rosetta (1801-1867), da. of Gerald's son, Gen. Sir Edward Butler, was to have married the wealthy widower, Walter (1770-1820), 1st M. of Ormonde. But he died too early and she m. 1821, another well-heeled widower, her cousin, Richard Butler Hamilton Lowe (b.1774). David Gerald Butler (b.1849) who was great grandson of Gerald, married a French widow who already had a daughter. In 1922 at 22 Allée de Montfermeil, Le Raincy, he was working on the history of his family. If his step-da., whose name we do not know, has descendants they may have his family papers which might help. G.O. MSS. 134 p.34 is a relevant pedigree but seems to err seriously as to the parentage of Richard Butler of Ballynehensky, 1687.

Q61. [BJ v1n5]

James Butler of Inistioge, Co. Kilkenny, early 19th cent.

Clues- By Joanna, née Laresy, he had at least two sons, Edmond and John Martin (who migrated, 1863 and 1845 respectively, to W. Australia, primarily, it seems, for R.C. missionary work) and two das., Ellen O'Reilly and Mary O'Mahony (per Mrs Gorman of W. Australia, grt. granda. of J.M.B.)

Comment- James was probibly of the Neigham branch which descended from Edmond (d.1491), base elder bro. Of 8th E. of Ormond. There was another Butler migration from Inistioge to Australia, in the Gold Rush which started 1851 (see Q. 49).

Q62. [BJ v1n5]

Capt. John Butler (d. in Peru, 1580).

Clues- He is said to be from Ireland, and a colleague of Drake. The Spaniards called him "Chalona". He was executed in Lima (J. A. Williamson, Age of Drake, 135; A. L. Rowse, Sir Richard Grenville, 80). His bro., Henry, was sent to the galleys for life (per Rev. Mel Butler of Canada).

Comment- The Latin American MSS in London University Library might yield more clues.

Q63. [BJ v1n5]

John (ca. 1566-163 7), 1st Lord Boteler of Brantfield, Herts.

Clues- He in. Elizabeth, half sister of George, 1st Duke of Buckingham. John's nephew, Francis, founded a local charity (per enquirer, A.M. Parsons of Hatfield).

Comment- John was of Higham, Beds. (per Leics. 1619 Visitation, Harl. Soc., ii,30) and of Hatfield Woodhall, Herts (per Herts. 1634 Visitation, Harl. Soc., xxii,112). Created baronet, 1620, and baron, 1628, he was buried at Higham Gobion, Beds. (G.E.C., revised, ii,229). He appears to be s. of Sir Henry (d.1609), s. of Sir John (d.1572), s. of Sir Philip s. of John (d.1514), s. of John, s. of Philip, s. of Sir Philip (d.1418), s. of Philip (d.1393), s. of Ralph (who acquired Woodhall by marrying Katherine da. & h. of Sir Philip Peletoyt of Woodhall), s. of Sir Ralph (d.1279) of Norbuty, Salop, yger. s. of Ralph le Botiller (d. ca. 1281) of Oversley, Warws., whose elder s., William, was ancestor of barons Botiller of Wemme, Salop. The Botelers of Brantfield were thus a cadet branch of the family descended from the butler of the feudal earl of Leicester.

Q64. [BJ v1n5]

John Butler (d. 1763, Norfolk, Conn., U.S.A.).

Clues- He m. Martha nee Eells, was buried at Walton, N.Y. and had bros., Daniel, who m. Martha's sisters, Dinah and Sarah, and William, captain of a ship that sailed between N.Y. and W. Indies (per Mrs Long of Michigan, U.S.A. for Lou Butler who is compiling a history of John's family).

Comment- Perhaps he was s. of Jonathan, Elnathan, Stephen or John, Sons of Jonathan Butler (1700-1760) of Saybrook, Conn. who may have a common Butler ancestor with the founder of Butler's Rangers (for which see Q.5).

Q65. [BJ v1n5]

Capt. John Butler, E.I.C.S. (d.1812).

Clues- He m. in Calcutta, 2.4.1796, Lydia Elizabeth (1782-1861), 3rd da. of William Howard, and, by her, had Peter of Milton House, Carew, Pembs., and another son who became a General and a da,, Lydia Elizabeth (b. 1809) who m. 1st, Rev. Francis Candy (d.1831) and 2nd, Rev. Henry Harding. John's crest: out of a ducal coronet, a covered cup, or. Arms: az., three covered cups, or. (per enquirer Dr R.J. Hetherington of Birmingham).

Comment: The arms indicate descent from the Butlers of Devon, eight generations of whom figure in Devon 1620 Visitation (Harl. Soc., vi,36).

Q66. [BJ v1n5]

John Butler of Ireland, 1828

Clues- His family was R.C., his bro. was William J., and a relative was James Butler, tea merchant of Kilkenny. John m. Mary née Organ or Degan. Their son, Patrick Francis, b. Waterford, 1828, migrated. 1845, to Boston. Mass. and m. at Cambridge. Mass., ca. 1858, Mary Ann née Kigwell. They moved, 1860, to San Francisco and there founded the millinery firm, Butler Bros. (per P.F.B.'s, William Harding Butler of California).

Comment- Patrick Dugin who, with a John Butler, witnessed the 1725 Will (B.T.R.124) of John Butler of Ballyneale, Waterford. was possibly of Mary née Degan's family. Again, it may be relevant that James Butler, formerly of Ennis, Co. Clare. died 31.1.1867 at his residence, 10 Madison St, N.Y., six weeks after "his afflicted relative had followed to an early grave" John T. Butler (Clare Jo., 21.2.1867, from Irish American).

Q67. [BJ v1n5]

John Butler (ca. 1824 1904) of Beakstown, Holycross, Co. Tip.

Clues- His family. "the Big" Butlers, came from Munroe, near Ballycahill. Thurles. His da., Mary. died 1934 (per her g.s.. Dr M. Rahill of Ardee. Co. Louth).

Comment- Edmond (d.1682. s. of Edward. s. of Richard, 3rd V. Mountgarret) acquired land in Munroe through his wife, Mary, da. of Philip Walsh of Thurles (MS of 25.5.1664, probably in Nat. Lib.. Dublin under Castle Crine MSS). By her, he had James, and Edmond who, by Mary née Toole, had John and Margaret (B.T.R.164).

Q68. [BJ v1n5]

John Butler of 94 Main St., Maryborough, Queen's Co., in 1850.

Clues 94 Main St. in 1826 belonged to Catherine Butler. A male and female Meehan married Butlers and this John was uncle of Elizabeth (1810-1891), John, Patrick, and David, Butler-Meehan. His only son, another John Butler (living 1810) settled in Wisconsin, U.S.A. (per P.F. Meehan of Tullamore, Co. Offaly, Patrick B-M.'s grt. g.s.).

Comment- James Butler of Kilkenny City in his 1731 Will (B.T.R.99) mentioned his bro., John of "Main Bogg, Queen's Co.", who might be ancestor of John of 1850. The latter may have had a sister, Anne. For it was in or near Maryborough that Anne née Butler (d.1826), wife of Samuel D. Bradshaw, bore him George, William, and Rachel, Butler Bradshaw (per Mrs Griffith of Ballindine, Co. Mayo, g.da. of William B.B.)

Q69. [BJ v1n5]

Julia née Butler, Mrs Barry (early 19 century?)

Clues- She is said to have been disinherited in consequence of marrying at Donnybrook her father's secretary. But her uncle left her "Bath Avenue" (per her grt g.da., Miss E. Goff of Sask., Canada).

Comment- Julia is unlikely to be da. of "a marquess of Ormonde" as supposed.

Q70. [BJ v1n5]

Mary née Butler, Mrs Wilson, ca. 1750.

Clues- Family tradition says she was da. of a duke of Ormonde and her bro. was assassinated. She m. Dr Wilson of Dublin. Their g.s. was Living in Leeds, Yorks. by 1838 (per her descendant, R.S.S. Wilson of Kelowna, B.C.).

Comment- Historically, the assassination of a Butler has been rare. In 1463 Sir John Butler was murdered in bed at Bewsey Hall, Lancs. (Chetham Soc., lxxxvii,303). Mary might, however, be a base da. of 2nd D. of Ormonde and the Maria Butler mentioned in the 1758 Codicil of Charles, E. of Arran (Butler of Moore Park Barony Case, Minutes of Evidence. 86). Marian of Knowle, near Derby (1st da. of William Wilson of Leeds and widow of Ralph Butler of Lancaster) died, aged 75, at 7 Gloddaeth Crescent, Llandudno (Times, 20.8.1857).

70. [BJ v1n7] Mary née Butler (ca.1750), Mrs Wilson.

She may be the Mary who was sister of John ("in ye Army assassinated") and da. of William (d. 1702) of Chester House, Wellingborough, Northants, s. of Oliver Butler (d. 1657) of Harold, Woodhill, Beds. (B.M., ADD MS 34375, p.20). If so, she was of the Butlers of Kyrton, Biddenham, Beds. (Harl. Soc., xix, 6 & 84) who probably descended in the 13th cent. from the Butlers of Oversley, Warws.

Q71. [BJ v1n5]

Mary née Butler, Mrs Daniel Lynch, ca. 1850.

Clues- Her grandmother may have been a Fenton. Her mother was probably Ellen née Croker, and her da., Ellen, was née Lynch, in Middleton, Ireland, 21.3.1848. Some of them were born in Co. Cork, others in N. Ireland (per Mrs French of W. Yarmouth, Mass., USA., Ellen née Lynch's gr. da.).

Comment- Midleton, Co. Cork, sandwiched between Carrigtwohill and Castlemartyr, suggests a link with Henry Butler, husband of Ellen (1791-1888) née Murphy of Castlemartyr (see Q. 11).

Q72. [BJ v1n5]

Nathaniel Butler, Governor of Bermuda 1619-22

The query was received, via Lord Butler, from the Governor of Bermuda, Sir Richard Sharples, on the eve of his assassination in 1973.

Clues- Nathaniel was a well-known pamphleteerist.

Comment- He was s. of John Boteler of Sharnbrook, Beds., s. of George (d.1551) who came there from Droitwich, Worcs. These Butlers derived in Plantagenet times (see Q.47) from Yatton, presumably in Somerset although called "Yatton, Beds." in Essex 1558, and "Yeton, Beds." in Worcs. 1569, Visitations (Hart Soc., xiii,32; xxvii,30). Nathaniel's half-bros. were Oliver, ancestor of Butler barts. of Barham, Kent. and John, ancestor of many American Butlers, including Jane née Butler, mother of Lawrence Washington from whom his half-bro., George Washington, the President, inherited Mount Vernon.

Q73. [BJ v1n5]

Nicholas Butler (d. 1671) of Martha's Vineyard, Mass. USA.

Clues- As yeoman of Eastwell, Kent, he m. at St Mary's, Ashford, Kent, 22.1.1623, Joyce (1601-1680), da. of Richard and Margaret Baker of Ashford and emigrated, 1637, from Sandwich, Kent, to Dorchester, Mass., where he owned land at Duncan Hill in 1639, moving to Martha's Vineyard in 1651 (per his descendant, J.C. Phipps, Met.Mag. of London).

Comment- No Butler is recorded in Eastwell's parish register 1538-1705. As it was from Sandwich he sailed, he may have been related to Butlers who had been there since at least 15th cent. His erratic descendant, Gen. Benjamin Franklin Butler. was nominated for the Presidency of USA in 1884.

Q74. [BJ v1n5]

Patrick Butler (1828-1905) of Co. Cork.

Clues- Born 28.3.1828 in Co. Cork, he emigrated and m. in Illinois, Margaret née Kenedy (1835-1913) from Co. Tip. He was illiterate. On a farm just east of Ashland, Ill. she bore him 3 s. and 7 das. from 1855 (per Patrick's g. s.. R.A. Newell of Illinois).

Comment- Some record in USA. of Patrick's marriage (in Illinois, presumably ca. 1854) may reveal his Irish paternityor place of origin.

Q75. [BJ v1n5]

Richard Butler of Stadhampton, Oxon, Australian immigrant, 1853.

Clues- He and his bros., Daniel and Philip, were born in England, orphaned and brought up by an aunt. Daniel, a. University lecturer, stayed in England. Philip, aged 20. migrated, 1838, to S. Australia where Fortune smiled on him; he later returned with his family and bought Tickford Abbey, Newport Pagnell, Bucks. Richard, himself, was of The Manor, Stadhampton, Oxon, before emigrating, 1853 (with his wife and the first three of 8 children) to S. Australia, where his 1st s., Sir Richard (1850-1925) became Premier and had 12 children, including Sir Richard (1885-1966) who was also Premier (per the latter's da., Mrs Eadie of S. Australia).

Comment- "Richard Butler of Stadhampton, 21 a.u." had, 20.9.1848, a bond to marry at St Peter-in-the-East, Oxford, Mary Sadler of that parish (Oxon Dioc. Marriage Bonds, d. 31 f. 164). His bro. was Daniel (ca. 1814-1822), M.A. of Lincoln Coll., Oxford, and headmaster, Clergy Orphan School. His bro., Philip's grant of arms is in Heralds' Coll. Grant Book, vol.53, fol.35 (Hart Soc., lxvii,58). Richard's father was Richard Thomas Butler of Ewelme, Oxon, gent. (Foster, Alumni Oxon., 202; but Foster's place-names of fathers were not always reliable).

Q76. [BJ v1n5]

Richard Butler of Ireland, British army officer, India, 1875.

Clues- Shannon View, Kilrush, Co. Lim., is believed to be his childhood home. By Emily, he had Francis Clifford (1875- 1917) of Canada, and Robert by another wife. He probably also had a da., Minimia (per F.C.B.'s son. Duane Butler of Washington, USA).

Comment The notion that this Richard was the Richard (d.1902) who was bro. Of Gen. Sir William Butler is untenable. The "Clifford" clue points to George Sylvester (2nd s. of Thomas) Butler who m. in Rathfarnham, 1849, Elizabeth, da. of John Clifford, Esq. (Lim. Chron., 9.5.1849). She d. 1862, aged 33 (Dublin Eve. Mail, 30.8.1862).

Q77. [BJ v1n5]

Sir Stephen Butler (the Earls of Lanesborough's ancestor, d. 1639).

Clues- He is said to have descended from John Butler of Wansley, Hunts,, living 1376 (Lanesbroough privately printed pedigree which gives no mesne descent), to have married Mary. da. and coh. of Gervase Brindsley of Brindsley, Notts. and settled at Clonose, Co. Cavan, by 1625, (Burke Peerage).

Comment- Wansley must be a mistake for Waresley, where a family of Boteler similarly bore: Arg., 3 covered cups in bend between 2 bendlets engrailed, sa. (Harl. Soc., xli, 96). "Sir Steven Butler" at St James, Clerkenwell, 21 .6.1624, married "Mary Banslye" by licence (Harl Soc. Reg., xiii, 53). He was "Stephen Butler, Knight of Belturbet" in his 1638 Will (B.T.R.276). Sir Stephen was 2nd s. of George, s. of Edward, s. of John Butler of Waresly, Hunts (Clurterbuck, Hist. of Herts., ii. 222).

77. [BJ v1n6] Lord Lanesborough's ancestor.

John Butler of Waresly, Hunts. (d.1521) was s. of Thomas (d.1479), s. of John, s. of William, s. of John (living 1371-1414) who m. Isold, da. of William Gobion (J.R.Delafield, Delafield Family Hist., ii, 532).

77. [BJ v1n7] Lord Lanes borough's ancestor (pp. 405 & 496).

The similarity of arms suggests that Sir Stephen's ancestor, John (living 1371-1414) may be the John who was s. of Roger, s. of Edmond Butler, living 1290 (for whom see Suffolk Institute of Arch., ix, 265). The Senior Archivist of Hunts. County Record Office has kindly unearthed the Will there of Thomas Boteler of Waresly (d. 1479). It mentions "Margaret, my mother" and "Margaret, my wife" and, without naming them, "my heirs male" and "all my sons".

Q78. [BJ v1n5]


Clues- This unusual name recurred recently when table turning at Lutterellstown, Co. Meath ! Synolda (da. of Sir Robert Lutterell of Lutterellstown) m., 1299, William 1e Petit and bore him an heiress, Synolda, who m., 1320, Sir Thomas Butler (3rd s. of 4th Butler of Ireland) who became lst Lord Dunboyne, jure uxoris. The 18th cent. revival of "Synolda" in the Dunboyne branch of Butlers, was aided by a superstition that no Miss Butler would get married unless there were a "Synolda" in the family. So the name has been preserved in that branch, seemingly exclusively. Appropriately enough, Victor Walker of Bibury, Glos., who is descended from James Butler (1810-1891), 8th s. of 23rd Lord Dunboyne has named his fine yacht (built 1972) "Synolda". Nor is he alone in wanting to know the origin and meaning of the name.

Comment- We need the help of an etymologist. It may mean swan-like from Latin, "olor", for swan, or, possibly, the scented lady, from "olida", for stinking.

78. [BJ v1n6] "Synolda".

Synolda, née le Petit, may have married Thomas Butler earlier than 1320. Dr R.J. Hetherington of Birmingham suggests the derivation of "Synolda" may be from the Greek for conscience. Dare we be so heretical as to add it may have originated simply from a misreading of the name"Fynolda"?

78. [BJv1n8] "Synolda" ( pp. 405 & 496)

On the possibility of "Synolda" being a corruption of "Fynolda", Sir Henry Blackall points out that a capital F written "ff" might well be transformed into a capital S written "$ ".

Q79. [BJ v1n5]

Thomas Butler of Ireland (early 19th cent.)

Clues- He was R.C. and m. Anastasia née Costello. Their son, John, a day-labourer ("journalier") m., in Montreal. 1850, Margaret. da. of Michael Harrington of Co. Tip. (per John's grt g.s., M.J. Butler of Montreal).

Comment - In 1792, a John Costello witnessed the Will (B.T.R.151) of Anne née Burke, widow of Pierce Butler who may have been of Kilmoyler. She mentions no child in her will. Ca. 1860, there was another Butler-Costello marriage (see Q. 43).

Q80. [BJ v1n5]

Thomas Butler, 18th cent. English lawyer.

Clues- Early 18th cent., he left Ely, Cambs. to practise law in London. Of his 12 sons, scattered from London to Woolwich, Reading, Essex, Wales and India, John George m. in Oxford, 21.12.1776, Anne née Venables and settled in Hounslow. Their 3rd s., Gamaliel (1783-1852) migrated, 1825, to Van Dieman's Land (i.e. Tasmania) and was patriarch of a large family (G.T. Butler, Gamaliel Butler).

Comment - This Thomas might be s. of Ambrose Butler who was of Barnwell, Cambs., when admitted to Inner Temple, 1658 (I.T. Admissions, i 541) and, aged 40 in 1684 when he had licence to marry Maria Margaretta née Sydenham (Harl Soc., xxiv, 70).

Q81. [BJ v1n5]

William Butler of Kimbolton, Hunts., 1815.

Clues- His mother might be the Ann Butler who d. at Kimbolton, 1794 (K. parish reg.). He was a keeper at K. Castle (employed by Duke of Manchester). At K. in 1815, his wife, Elizabeth, bore him a son, John Thomas. Family tradition suggests descent from a Butler with a military background who changed allegiance and fell from grace in Ireland (per his descendant, David Butler of Cardiff).

Comment - The family tradition would square with descent from one of the base sons of 2nd Duke of Ormonde, e.g. Major William Butler (ca. 1681-ca. 1718) who m. a da. of Capt. Harrison of York city and suffered grievously from the Duke's defection to Jacobitism. Another possibility is descent from John Butler of Waresley, Hunts., ca. 1500 (Hart Soc., xli,96; and see Q.77) or from Thomas Butler of Ely, ca. 1700 (see Q.80).

Q82. [BJ v1n6]

Alice née Butler wife of Roger Norwood (b.1479).

Clue- She was da. of'John Butler oIGlos. (per H.E. Voss of El Toro, USA.)

Comment- She was da. of John (d.1515), s. of William, s. of Sir John Butler of Parva Badminton (De Banco Roll, 1489; Hart Soc., xxi (1885), 241). The Butlers of Badminton were said to be of the Wem line, although their arms were different.

Q83. [BJ v1n6]

Edmond Butler (d.1747 in Virginia).

Clues- He came from Ireland to America (per statement in 1808 of his great-grandson). In Goochland Co., Va., he owned 400 acres between Green Creek and the Badlock branch of Appomattox River, and was tithable in 1746. His will of 27.4.1747 (proved 17.9.1747) described him as Edmond Butler of Southam parish, Goochland Co., Va., his wife as Frances and sons as Aaron, John, Edmond and William. By Frances née Cooke, Edmond had 6 children of whom William (1747-1790) was the Regulator of N. Carolina (per his descendant, Ross E. Butler of Ontario, U.S.A.).

Comment-Possibly this Edmond descended from Thomas Butler (d.1646) whose 5 sons all married after being brought up in (Northumberland Co.) Virginia (see Q.47 and J.B. Boddie, Virginia Hist. Genealogies (1954) 24).

Q84. [BJ v1n6]

Edward Butler (184 1-1929), emigrant from Ireland to U.S.A.

Clues- His mother, Sabina (1809-1891) was born in Aughrim parish, Co. Roscommon, and died in Lillis, Kansas. He was born in Co. Roscommon. When still a boy, Edward accompanied his mother, sister, Mary, and brothers, John and Thomas, to America. But they returned to Ireland after a few years in Maryland and Edward finally emigrated to America, ca. 1858, with his mother and one brother, his sister and other brother following later. After employment at the White House under Abraham Lincoln, Edward settled in Kansas, 1865, with his mother and brother. His funeral was held in St. Joseph's Catholic Church, Lillis, Kansas. He m., 1877, Mary Ann Carney by whom he had 8 sons and 6 das. (per Edward's great grand-da., Mrs Brockish of Kansas, U.S.A.)

Comment- Sabina's husband may have died in Ireland during the Famine. There is no evidence that his family came from Co. Roscommon. Not many Butlers did. In the l660s, however, Edmond Butler was certified 250 profitable acres in Clonfinlough parish (which was in Roscommon barony, as was Aughrim) under the Act of Settlement (R.C. Simington, Distribution Books, i,66).Later, John Butler of Heathfield, Co. Roscommon, m., in Cath. Church, Kilmurry, Henrietta, da. of James Lynch of Rathally, Co. Galway (Clare Freeman, 8.1.1859).

Q85. [BJ v1n6]

Edwin Abraham Butler (

Clues- His son, James, of Ormonde House, Headfort, Co. Galway, had a da. who said her paternal grandfather was born in Ireland. Another son, Edwin Abraham, of Ellerblie House, Handsworth, Birmingham, was born 1832 and m. a Manners (per their grand-da., Mrs Baron, sister of Pat Butler of Malta).

Comment- The only Butler / Manners marriage of which we know is that of Jane (da. of James, 9th Lord Cahir) in 1815 to Thomas, 1st Lord Manners. A search of the General Register at 10 Kingsway. London, is recommended.

85. [BJv1n8] Edwin Abraham Butler (bn ca. 1800) of Staffs. (p. 489).

He was a merchant, living at Ellerslie House, Soho Park, Staffs., in 1859 when his son, Ensign William Lowe Butler, 6th Regt. of Foot, died a bachelor at Gibraltar (Admon. Index, at Somerset House). The 6th was The Royal Warwickshires, the regiment for contemporaries from Staffordshire.

Q86. [BJ v1n6]

Frances née Butler, wife of Hervey Morres (d. 1722 /3).

Clues- Her father, Col. Pierce Butler is said to have been killed at Battle of Worcester, 1651 (per the enquirer, H.M. King Leka of the Albanians, whose wife, Susan née Cullen-Ward, is descended from Hervey, 1st Viscount Mountmorres, grandson of this Frances).

Comment- Frances was da. of Col. Hon. Pierce Butler of Barrowmount, Co. Kilkenny, who was either slain, or captured and shot, by Cromwellians at Battle of Lambstown (not Worcester), Co. Wexford, 1650 and was 1st s. of Edward, 1st Viscount Galmoye, 1st s. of Piers (d.1601), base s. of Thomas, 10th Earl of Ormond.

Q87. [BJ v1n6]

James Butler (1730-1783), emigrant from Ireland to America

Clues- He was born near Dublin, died in Louisa Co., Virginia and m., 1755, Mary (1735-1758), née Beckwith (per their descendant, J.B. Butler of Jackson. Mississippi, U.S.A.)

Comment- The marriage was very likely in America. There is no trace of an 18th century Dublin licence for a Butler / Beckwith marriage.

Q88. [BJ v1n6]

James Butler(1754- 1827) of U.S.A.

Clues- James (b.22.2.1754; d.11.4.1826) is believed to have come from Kentucky. He in., 1.8.1775, Elizabeth Giles (b.10.4.1753; d. 11.4.1826) and by her had 3 sons (per his descendant, R.L. Butler of Iowa, quoting Mrs Elma Butler Gordon, Nine Generations of Butler Family, printed 1941).

Comment- There may be a connection with the history of Butler Co., Kentucky. The 'Giles' marriage raises the possibility of a link with the Butlers of Newfoundland among whom John Butler m., in Teignmouth, Devon, 1753, Jane Giles (Butler Jo. i, (No. 5) 333). James has for six centuries been the most popular Christian name of descendants from the Chief Butlers of Ireland.

Q89. [BJ v1n6]

John Butler (d. 1759) of Amelia Co., Virginia.

Clues- He bought 400 acres on the lower side of Stocks Creek (Amelia Deed Book No.1, p.200 for 1745). His Will of 4.1.1759 described him as John Butler of Raleigh parish, Amelia Co., Va., his wife as Martha, his sister as Sarah Drinkwater and his nephews as Josiah Drinkwater, George Ridley, Pierce Butler Penel and John Wingo (Amelia Co., Va., Will Book, No. 1, p.l53 for 23.8.1759). Pierce Butler Pennell as he signed his name was known as 'The Irishman' (per his descendant, I.W. Pennell of Arroya Grande, Ca.).

Comment- John may be of the family of the Quaker, John Butler, whose Will mentioned his wife, Martha, sons, Joseph, William, James and John, and da., Sarah (Prince George Co. Wills, p.321 for 9.6.1719). It is tempting to suggest the John in question may be the John who was 2nd s. of Edmond of Q.83, but that John seems to have been a General in N.Carolina Militia (Ash, Biog.Hist. of N.Carolina).

Q90. [BJ v1n6]

John Butler of Chipping Norton, Oxon, 1769.

Clues- He m. in Banbury, 1769, Elizabeth Drury. The William Butler, bapt. in Wroxton, 1780, may be their son. A William Butler was living in Banbury, 1805, when his son, Thomas was born (per R. Butler of Stapleford, Nottingham).

Comment- John's sister may be Sarah who m., in Banbury, 1745 William Bull (Banbury Parish Reg.). There were Drury marriages with the Butlers of Watton Woodhall, Herts. (Clutterbuck, Hist. of Herts., ii, 477; and see Q.63).

Q91. [BJ v1n6]

John Butler, weaver of Bethnal Green, 1771.

Clues- The family seems to have been one of the small community of weavers living round the Green in 18th century. John Butler, weaver of Bethnal Green, m., 26.6.1708, Mary Whitehead (St. Dunstan's parish reg., Stepney). John (s. of John Butler, weaver, and Elizabeth, his wife) was baptised, 11.8.1771 (St. Matthew's parish reg., Bethnal Green). John Butler was paying rates in Bethnal Green West, l77l-1780 (Bethnal Green Rate Book). This John's grandson, Charles Salisbury (1812-1870), s. of John (1771-1848), s. of John, the weaver, owned a lot of property in the area, including the Butler Arms Public House and the whole of Butler Street (Poll Book, 1840-41). He was M.P. for Tower Hamlets (1852-1868) and also owned property in Chesham Bois and Epsom (per his descendants, Bertram Butler of Pulborough and Margaret Dickinson of Bexhill). The arms he used were: Az., a chevron between 3 covered cups, or (Burke, Landed Gentry, 1871).

Comment- John Cocke, Lancaster Herald, 1559, ascribed Az. a chevron arg. between 3 covered cups arg. to the Butlers of London in A Tudor Book of Arms (Harl. Ms.6163 per Rodway, Heraldry of Butler, 8). The same arms, but with cups or, were those of Butler of Aston-le -Walls (Northants Visitation, 1681 in Harl. Soc., lxxxvii, 32) Elizabeth who married 1837 (Gen. Reg., London II, ii) was probably da. of John (1771-1848).

Q92. [BJ v1n6]

Paul Butler (l9th century British)

Clues- His son, John (b.21.4.1875) m., 12.3.1898, in Blackburn, Lancs., Susannah Mary, da. of John Kenyon by Sarah Anne née Driver (per John Butler's grandson's wife, Mrs Butler of Quebec, Canada).

Comment- The 1898 marriage certificate is probably that in vol. 8E, p.633, of the Gen. Register which could be obtained by post from 10 Kingsway, London. It would show whether this Paul was the Paul who m. at St. Paul's, Knightsbridge, 1854, Louisa, da. of George Henry Barnett (Times,16.5.1854) and who was 2nd s. of the banker, John La Forey Butler (1786-1848) of Finchley, Mdx., said to be descended from the Butlers of Pembrokeshire (Berks. Arch.Jo; xxxvi, 161).

Q93. [BJ v1n6]

Polly, née Butler, Mrs Hickok, of Grand Isle, Vt. Co., U.S.A., 1837.

Clues- She m. William Alonzo, s. of an Irish emigrant, Otis Hickok. Her 4th son was the legendary "Wild Bill", James Butler Hickok (1837-1876), soldier, scout and U.S. marshal of border posts (Dict. of American Biography).

Comment- Mrs Harmon's Pioneer Settlers of Troy Grove, Illinois reveals Polly was da. of James (b.1763), s. of Benjamin (1727-1800), s. of Israel (b.1696), s. of Thomas (1654-1732), s. of John (b.1624), s. of Nicholas (d.1671) who migrated from Kent to America in 1636 (see Q.73). Polly was thereby 4 th cousin of the erratic General B.F. Butler (1818-1893). Wild Bill died when shot through the back of the head while playing poker in Deadwood, Dakota. The hand he then held of aces and eights has been immortalised as "the Deadman's Hand." His hair-raising life has been the subject of at least a dozen books, the latest being Joseph C. Rosa's They Called Him Wild Bill.

Q94. [BJ v1n6]

Richard Butler (d.1684), American immigrant.

Clues- He is believed to have been born in Braintree, Essex. In 1632 he emigrated in the ship, `Hector', to America, where he first settled in Newtown (now Cambridge), Mass. before going to Hartford, Conn. as disciple and companion of the Nonconformist, Thomas Hooker.

Comment- We have had several enquiries about his ancestry but have not yet traced his parentage. There was a Butler family at Bocking, near Colchester, from at least 1561. Most Butlers of Essex probably derived from Ralph (living 1100), butler of Eudes of Coichester (Arch.Cantiana xlvi, 152).

Q95. [BJ v1n6]

Sarah née Butler, Mrs Livens (1838-1917).

Clues- Her father was born in Ohio. She was born in Missouri and died in Texas, having m. Elige Livens (per their descendant, Mrs Looper of Texas).

Comment- She may be of the family of Thomas S. Butler of Cincinnati, Ohio, whose da., Mary Stuart m. 1876 Theodore Frederic Sandbach Tinne (Times. 24.8.1876).

Q96. [BJ v1n6]

Sarah Henrietta née Butler, Mrs Lawless (1856 - 1926).

Clues- She m. George Lawless.

Comment- She was da. of Rev. Edward Walter Butler (1820-1881), a descendant of Piers, 4th s. of 2nd Earl of Ormond (Galway Arch. Soc. Jo., xxviii,7, "Butlers of Cregg" by Sir Henry Blackall, where, however, her year of birth is erroneously given as 1857). She had two brothers born respectively in 1854 (Limerick Chronicle, 9.9.1854) and 11.5.1857 (Dublin Evening Mail, 20.5.1857). besides the two mentioned in Blackall's valuable work.

Q97. [BJ v1n6]

Thomas Butler, 19th cent. emigrant front Ireland to Newfoundland.

Clues- He migrated from Ireland in the Famine to Holyroad, Newfoundland (per his grand-da.. Mrs Ronan of West Hartford, Conn., U.S.A.).

Comment- For the Butlers of Newfoundland whose arms suggest a descent from the Ikerrin branch see Q.1 5 and Butler Jo. I (No.5), 333. But this Thomas is not necessarily of that branch.

Q98. [BJ v1n6]

Thomas Butler. a collier in Staffs., 1869.

Clues- lie was a collier in Darlaston, Staffs., 1869 (per marr. cert. of his son, Patrick). It is believed Thomas was born in Co. Galway, well-educated, an R.C., became a private tutor at some period of his life, left Ireland for England at the time of the Famine, with his wife, Mary, née Joyce, and sons, John Patrick and Thomas, migrated to America ca. 1874, and vanished in California ca.1875 (per A.R. Walker of Atlanta, Ga., U.S.A.).

Comment- The genealogy of the Butlers of Co. Galway is most puzzling.

Q99. [BJ v1n6]

......Butler, related to a Wortham by 1731.

Clues- George Wortham (whose son, Thomas, b.1731, m. Elizabeth née Taliaferro of Virginia, U.S.A.) was said to be a "near relative of the Duke of Ormonde" (per Mrs G.L. Eatman of Oxford, Miss.. U.S.A.).

Comment- There seems to be no record of any Butler of the house of Ormonde having married a Wortham.

Q100. [BJ v1n6]

.........née Butler, Mrs John Elmes (l9th.cent.).

Clues- She is said to have been closely related to the 1st Marquess of Ormonde and to have eloped with, and m.,John Elmes of Swindon in the 1840s (per their gt.grandda., Mrs Owen of Bourne, Lincs.).

Comment- The marriage certificate should be traceable. No Butler of the house of Ormonde married an Elmes. Nor does either family seem to have lived in Swindon, 1638-1837 (W.P.W. Phillimore, Glos. Parish Regs.).

100. [BJv1n8] Lucy Ann Elmes, née Butler, d. 1885 (p. 494).

She was buried 30 Dec. 1885 in Cheltenham Cemetery. Her son, Thomas, was bn in Swindon, 23 Nov. 1849 (per his grd.-da., Mrs Owen of Bourne, Lincs.) There was a Lucy Anne (1st da. of William Henry Butler of Headington, Oxon) who m. 5 Oct. 1847, W. W. Wardell (Times 7.10.1847).



Q101. [BJ v1n6]

.........née Butler, Mrs O'Dwyer (b.1830-40).

Clues- Her father was of Ballyslatteen, Co. Tip., and she had a da., Margaret (per Margaret's son, H.N. Gale of Dublin).

Comment- This Mrs O'Dwyer was probably a da. of Richard Butler (1794-1870) of Ballyslatteen (by Elinor née Dillon) who descended from John, 2nd s. of 9th Lord Dunboyne (d.1508).

Q102. [BJ v1n7]

Charles Butler (1560-1648) of Buckinghamshire.

Clues- Clergyman, apiarist, entomologist, grammarian, phonetician and musician, he was author of "Books at largefor the amendment of orthographie for English speech" (1580), "Brief Grammar" (1586) and "Feminine Monarchic; or a treatise concerning Bees" (1609), the 1634 edition of which was in phonetic English. There are accounts of him in "Dict. Nat. Biog." and in "The Isis" of autumn 1943, see also Notes & Queries, cxcix, 2 and cc, 103 respectively, for his admiration of the poetry of the French Huguenot, Du Bartas, and for his philosophy of the music of bees.

Comment- He was of Bucks. (J. Foster, Al. Ox on, 221). In the 15th and 16th cents. a Butler family, whose arms suggest a descent from the Butlers of Wales or Devon, resided at Harmead, Bucks. (Harl.Soc., lviii, 143; G. Lipscombe, Bucks., iv, 334).

Q103. [BJ v1n7]

David Butler (17th cent.) of Astrakhan.

Clues- In the Caspian Sea, he had the distinction of commanding the first Russian man-of-war; and in Astrakhan he opposed Stenka Razin, the Cossack "Robin Hood" who was quartered alive in Moscow, 1671 (per "Kyril", via Hubert Butler).

Comment- There is no reason to suppose he was connected with the Butlerov family of Kazan (for whom see Q.16). David went to Astrakhan from Holland and his letters to Holland, which seem to have been published, may yield further clues (Brockhaus & Efron, Russian Encycl., vol. v.).

103. [BJv1n8] David Butler (17th cent.) of Astrakhan (p.576).

A certain David Butler was corresponding with Colbert in 1671 (per L. V. Pauchet of Versailles).

Q104. [BJ v1n7]

David Butler (1816-1877) of New York.

Clues- He is believed to be of the family of Thomas C. Butler (b., London, 21 May 1744; d. 1861; founded Butler Bros., a mercanitle house of 232 Pearl Street, Manhattan; m. Margaret ... . ).David (b., New York City, 28 Aug. 1816; d. Jonesboro, Craighead, Ark., 23 March 1877), Physician, Baptist minister and Mason, was reputedly of Irish ancestry. He m., 1842, Narcissa Sarah Douglas Raymond née Tibbet (per their descendant, A. Pendergrast, the artist of Arizona).

Q105. [BJ v1n7]

Edmond Thomas Butler (d. 1869) of Kent.

Clues- Described as "Gentleman", he d. at Beadonwell, Erith, Kent, having m. Jane née Brocks (per wife of their grt g.son, Tom Butler of Vancouver).

Comment- There were Butlers at Beadonwell. Mary Anne, o.c. of John Butler of Beadonwell, m., 1846, Charles Dalby Haffenden (Times, 30 June 1846); and Thomas Butler died there, 1861, aged 70 (Times, 13 March 1861). R.Hovenden, "Extracts from the Registers of Erith Parish Church" (1879) should be consulted.

Q106. [BJ v1n7]

Isaac Butler(b., New Jersey, 1831).

Clues- His parents are believed to have come from Ireland. By his 1st wife, Caroline Bennett of England, he had Albert (b. 1864), Charles Matlick (1866-1946) and Frank Layton (1866-1952). By his 2nd wife, Delilah, Isaac had Lewis (1873-1945) and Lena (1880-1951). The last four named children were heirs at law and legatees of Eleazer Butler (d. 1902) whose bros. were William and Josiah (per Mrs S. Beth Butler Haring of Nebraska).

Comment- Even fewer Isaac Butlers are on record in Ireland than in England.

Q107. [BJ v1n7]

Isaac Butler (alive 1840) of London.

Clues- At 19 John Street, St Paul in St Geo.-in-the-East, Mdx., his wife, Mary, formerly Small, gave birth, 22 May 1842, to Emma (Gen.Reg., ii, 113) who d., Gothenburg, 6 May 1875, having m., 17 June 1863, Carl Theodore Peterson (per their g.son, M. Flemby of Farsta, Sweden).

Comment- Isaac's marriage to Mary was probably before July 1837, if in England or Wales. An Isaac Butler of Wolverhampton married 1839 (Gen.Reg., xvii, 370), another of Wellington S., 1841 (ibid, xviii, 225) and another of Oundle, 1841 (ibid, xv, 601); but no corresponding "Small" marriage is indexed. The parish registers should be consulted and the Census Returns for 1841 and 1851 at the Land Registry, Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C.2. By 1853 a saddler, Charles Bamfield occupied 19 John Street (P.O. Directory, 1853).

Q108. [BJ v1n7]

Jacques de Butler(1699-I 758), "Baron d'Armaillé'.

Clues- He d. in the parish du Pin, Normandy, 1758, (B.N., Pzris, Cabinet des Titres Carrés de d'Hozier, 143), having been écuyer de la Grande Ecurie by 1744 (Duc de Luynes, Mérnoires, vol.v) and capt. of the Royal Stud at du Pin, from 1754 (Gazette de France, 18 May 1754).The present Comte de Luppé adds "Jacques Butler, chevalier, seigneur de Grenagh, de Cariegbec Ct de Ralh, baron de Armaillé et autres lieux, capt. du haras du roi" etc. had, by Louise Sophie Francoise Cooke, a da., Louise Charlotte, who m., 1762, Pierre, Comte de Luppé (per a family monograph). Mme. de Butler, née Cooke (d. 1752) was a governess of Louis XVI, and called Comtesse de Butler in Marquise de Crequy, Mérnoires (1747), vol.x, though not so in the records of the Maison du Roi (per L.V.Pauchet of Versailles).

Comment- The above data is singularly valuable, the du Pin archives having been destroyed in the 1939 War. Jacques must have been heir, and was probably grandson, of Theobald Butler of Ardmayle who was hanged at his own gates in 1690, when William III was at Golden Bridge (J. Davis White, Anthologia Tipperiensis). That Thoebald was s. of Theobald, "Baron of Ardmayle", descended from John Butler of Ardmayle who must have descended from Edmond, 8th Lord Dunboyne (d. 1499) and who is believed to be s. of James, 9th Lord Dunboyne (d. 1508), perhaps by his mistress, Margaret Ingram.

108. [BJv1n8] Jacques de Butler (1699-1758), "Baron d'Armaillé" (p.578).

(Louise) Charlotta, née Butler, was at the Parisian school of the Blue Nuns, 1749-51 (Catholic Rec. Soc., vii., 120. 125 & 132).



Q109. [BJ v1n7]

Jacques Butler (Abbé in 1745) of Nantes.

Clues- He was chaplain to The Young Pretender in the 1745 expedition (E. MacLysaght, Irish Families, 68).

Comment- L.V. Pauchet has discovered in Archives de La Guerre at Vincennes a dossier on Edmond Butler of Kilcop (d. 1725) which asserts Edmond was of the house of Cahir (as echoed in the late J. D. Coghlan's MS generously donated by Col. Gallway) and had 4 children of whom 2 were das., while one of the sons was a Jesuit. This Jesuit was probably 1'Abbé Jacques of 1745 and might even be the elusive Abbé Butler who came to London in 1788 to claim the Cahir barony and its extensive estates (Nat.Lib., Dublin, O'Gorman MSS, B.71).

Q110. [BJ v1n7]

James Butler (ca. 1650) of Lancaster, Massachussetts.

Clues- He is named in A.W. Rook, `The Butler Family' (Chicago, 1901) as ancestor of the family which included George H. Butler (d. 1880) and Edward Burgess Butler, founders of the wholesalers, Butler Bros. of Chicago (per G.H.B.'s g.son, Burgess Butler of Kennsbunk, Maine, via Lord Ormonde).

Comment- James may be of the same family as Stephen Butler of Boston, b. ca. 1650 (J. D. Butler, Butleriana, published 1888)


110. [BJv1n8] James Butler (d. 1681) of Lancaster, Mass. (p. 579).

His death was registered in the oldest record book of Billerica, Mass, thus: "20th day 01, 1681, James Butler, Sen., Irishman" (A.W. Rook, Butler Family, 15) and his father was named Robert in an old family Bible (ibid, 19). One of the few Robert Butlers of 17th cent. Ireland was Robert, 3rd s/o George Butler of Ramsgrange, Co. Wexford, gent., by his wife, Anne, (B.T.R., 357 & 358).


Q111. [BJ v1n7]

James Rutler, Esq., (17th cent.) from Ire land.

Clues- His da., Mary (arms: "de gueules en chef et d'azur en points") had by Thomas Harper, a da., Mary, who m. in Cadiz, 1 May 1743, Francois Joseph Walsh (1704-1782), 1st Comte de Serrant (per Prince de Ligne of Chateau de Serrant via L.V. Pauchet).

Comment- The shield confirms James was from Ireland. But the field cannot be narrowed without recourse to speculation. A Thomas Harper was forfeiting proprietor of Bishop's lands in Co. Wexford under the Cromwellian Settlement, and this James may well be of the family of Richard Butler of Co. Wexford at St Malo (descended from 3rd Earl of Ormond, see Q.13) who m., 1721, Marie Anne, sister of the ancestor of the comtes de Serrant. But the Cadiz clue suggests this James may be the James who was s. of Theobald Butler of Ballykeife, Co. Kilkenny (see D. Bedson "Spanish Butlers", Butler Jo., i, 188).

Q112. [BJ v1n7]

James Butler (1758-1813) of Hartford, Connecticut.

Clues- Born, not known where, 8 Sept. 1758, he d. in Hartford, 12 Nov. 1813 (per his g.son, Bruce Butler of Alexandria, Va.).

Comment- Perhaps from Richard Butler who emigrated from Essex to America and d. in Hartford, Conn., 1684, leaving several sons (see 2.94).

Q.113. [BJ v1n7]

James Butler (b. ca. 1790) of Co. Antrim.

Clues- An "outdoor labourer" and bro. of "Johnny, the tailor", James of Antrim married twice. His son, Daniel (1833-1899), a brickmaker's labourer, m., Rochdale. Lancs., 4 Oct. 1862, Mary Connolly and migrated, 1869, to U.S.A. (per Miss Mary Butler of Monessen, Pa.).

Comment- There was a James Butler of Co. Antrim, 23 Jan. 1713 (Dublin, Reg. of Deeds 33 359 20558).

Q114. [BJ v1n7]

Jane née Butler, m. (1715) Augustine Washington.

Clues- She d. 1728; he d. 1743. Their son, Laurence, left his home, Mount Vernon, to his half-bro., President George Washington, for whose Butler ancestry see Q.120 (per George Washington of Cambridge).

Comment- She was da. of Caleb, s. of John, s. of Thomas Butler (d. 1646) of Kent Island, Maryland who is said by J. B. Boddie (Virginia Hist. Genealogies (1954), 21) to be s. of John Boteler of Roxwell, Essex by Jane née Elliott. But Boddie's proposition is suspect (see Q.47 addenda, infra).

Q115. [BJ v1n7]

John Butier(alive 1785) of St Pancras, Middlesex.

Clues- His son, William (d. 1876), was born to Susannah, 15 Jan. 1785, in the Mdx. parish of St Pancras. William's da., Sophia (1824-1885) m. another William Butler who was her cousin (per A. N. Butler, Dental Surgeon of Torquay, Devon, descended from Sophia's bro., John).

Comment- A John Butler of St Peter's parish, Berkhampstead, Herts., m. at St Margaret's, Westminster, 30 Aug. 1767, a Susannah.

Q116. [BJ v1n7]

John Butler, m. (ca. 1750) Catherine née Pro thero.

Clues- Their son, William (b. 1757) m. Elizabeth née Cooke of Bristol and had by her, John Laforey Butler (ca. 1786-1848), a merchant banker named on a table tomb in Wantage church (Berks. Arch. Jo., xxxvi, 161).

Comment- These Butlers are said to descend from those of Pembrokeshire. If so, probably from Luckin, s. of Hugh, s. of Thomas Butler of Johnstone, Pembs., who in., 1613, Lettice, da. and co-heiress of John Butler of Coedwentlos, Pembs. (G. T.Clark, Limbus Patrum Morganiae, 368). In 1917 Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch wrote a fine testimony (A Memoir of Arthur John Butler) to his friend who was John Laforey Butler's g.son and a g'father of Juliet, wife of J.D.T. Butler-Kearney (b. 1916).

Q117, [BJ v1n7]

Joseph Butler (1735-1 785) of Yorkshire.

Clues- He m., 1757, Elizabeth Smith. His arms were az., a chevron between 3 covered cups of (per plaque in St Mary's Hemingborough, Yorks.).

Comment- He was s. of Joseph (d. 1768), s. of Robert Butler (d. 1717) of Bowthorpe, Hemingborough. This Elizabeth (d. 1821) was da. of George Smith of Barlby Banks, Yorks. (T. Burton, Hemingborough (1888), 34 & 293). The arms appear to be of the Butlers of Rawcliffe, Lancs. (for whom see sub Q.8).

Q118. [BJ v1n7]

Joseph Butler, (1790) said to be from Ireland.

Clues- His sons were born in New York, Jeremiah ca. 1795, Joseph Jr ca. 1800 and Benjamin ca. 1811 (per Census Records). With their sister, Margaret, they went, ca. 1822, to Ohio where she married and soon died s.p. The 2 bros. eventually settled in Clay County, W. Virginia, where they all married and had issue (per a descendant, Rev. A. Elswick of NY.).

Comment- Perhaps of the family of James Butler of Rathlina, Co. Carlow (d. 1711) who was g'son of Sir Thomas Butler, (cr.Bart. 1628) and who had a son, Joseph (B.T.R. 198).

Q119. [BJ v1n7]

Katherine née Butler, m. (17th cent.) Robert de Ia Freyne.

Clues- He was of Ballyready, Co. Kilkenny. Their da., Margaret, m. Thomas Drury of Leighlin, Co. Carlow, gent., nephew of Sir William Drury (d. 1579) of Hawstead, Suffolk (per Rev. E. L. Hayburn of California).

Comment- Edmund of Ballynard (supposed ygr.s. of Thomas (d. 1524), s. of Edmond, 8th Lord Dunboyne) m. Ellenor de la Freyne. But Katherine was more likely of the Paulstown Butlers. Thomas of Clonmore, Co. Carlow (ygr. bro. of Sir Richard Butler (1564-1619) of Paulstown) m. Katharine da. of Robert de la Freyne of Ballyreddy (Inq., xxviii, at Gowran, 6 Oct. 1619). The Drury family were related to the Butlers of Warwickshire, of whom Sir Philip (d. 1545) m. Elizabeth, da. of Sir Robert Drury of Halstead, Suffolk and had by her 12 sons and 7 das., whose births are recorded at the end of a Latin Bible, preserved in the Library of Christ's Coll., Cambridge.

119. [BJv1n8] Katherine de la Freyne, née Butler (p. 581)

Her husband was probably the "Robert Freny" (s/o Thomas) of Ballyreddy who d.s.p.m., 28 Dec. 1611 (Carrigan, Ossory, iv, 187).

Q120. [BJ v1n7]

Margaret née Butler, m. (ca. 1830) William Ronan.

Clues- Her birthplace is believed to be by Carrick-on-Suir. Her da., Johanna née Ronan (d., Mass. U.S.A., 1907) m.,

St Moleran's Church, Carrickbeg, Co. Waterford, 9 Nov. 1853, James Fitzgerald (per their grt.g'son, F. X. Fitzgerald of Bronx, N.Y.)

Comment- She was probably descended from the Butlers of Ballindysert, Co. Waterford who are supposed to descend from Geoffrey, ygr.bro. of Theobald (d. 1286), 4th Chief Butler. In their recorded pedigree (G.O., Dublin, MS 160), the generations of 14th and 15th cents. are unreliable, but those of the 17th and 18th cents. are corroborated, and can be supplemented from Spanish sources (M. Walsh, Spanish Knights of Irish Origin, ii, 58 to 65).

Q121. [BJ v1n7]

Marie née de Butler, Dame de Legner (b. 1734).

Clues- Dossier No. 12469 TR, "Archives de la Guerre" at Vincennes, mentions "Marie Christine Henriette de Butler, veuve du Sieur Legner, capt. au regt. de Nassau, née 1734 á Eschevey (Hesse Cassel) de religion protestante" (per L. V. Pauchet of Versailles).

Comment- Perhaps of the Wildprechtrode line of von Buttlars, although she has not been found in R. V. Buttlar-Elberberg, "Stammbuch du Althessichen Ritterschaft" (1888). Most Irish Butlers in France have been Catholic.

Q122. [BJ v1n7]

Mary née Butler, Mrs Sarsfield (17th Cent.).

Clues- She is said to be of the Ormonde family and m. a bro. of Gen. Patrick Sarsfield who d. 1693 (per Bertrand Paris of Paris)

Comment- Probably of the Galmoye branch. Pierce, 3rd Viscount Galmoye was with Patrick Sarsfield in all his Irish and French campaigns (MacLysaght, Irish Families, 68) and, like Patrick Sarsfield's elder bro., William, married a base da. of James II. Charlotte, da. of this William Sarsfield, m. Agmondisham Vesey whose son (by his 2nd wife, Jane née Pottinger, widow of Sir Thomas Butler, 3rd Bt.) inherited the Lucan estates through Charlotte.

122. [BJv1n8] Mary Sarsfield, née Butler (p. 582).

William Sarsfield m. Mary Crafts, da. of, probably Lord Carlingford (H. W. Chapman, The Tragedy of Charles II, 219), or possibly Charles II by Lucy Walter (Burke, Peerage, sub "Lucan"), but not James II (per D. Jackson of Ottawa, Canada).

Q123. [BJ v1n7]

Mary née (1786) Butler, Mrs Hzggens, ofSnodland, Kent.

Clues- She m., 1809, William Higgens, a schoolmaster of Snodland (per their descendant, Mrs Paterson of Lymington, Hants.).

Comment- She appears to be da. of William (d. 1763), s. of John and Deborah Butler (Snodland Parish Registers).

Q124. [BJ v1n7]

Michael Butler (early 19th cent.) of Co. Kilkenny.

Clues- His wife, Mary née Egan, gave birth in Gowran, Co. Kilkenny, 1822-25, to Michael and Margaret (per a descendant, Miss D. M. Cullen of N.S.W., Australia).

Comment- He may be the Michael, identified in the 1779 Will (B.T.R., 110) of William Butler of Irishtown, as s. of James, the testator's son; and this William might possibly be the William who made his Will (B.T.R., 199) in 1713 and was descended from Edmond, elder base bro. of Piers, 8th Earl of Ormond. By a conjunction of coincidences, the Queen of the Albanians came from Australia (like the querist, Miss Cullen), was née Cullen-Ward and had a Butler connection (see Q.86).

Q125. [BJ v1n7]

Pierce Butler (18th cent.) of Co. Tipperary.

Clues- He had by Elizabeth née Middleton, of Carrick, Co. Tip. (d. 1782), Capt Richard of Castlecomer, Co. Kilkenny (d. 1834) and Mary who married a Lidwell (per Col. Ralph Clarke of Witham, Essex).

Comment- He was Pierce of Glasshouse and Knockagh, Co.Tip., s. of Richard, s. of James, s. of Theobald (d. 1652), ygr. s. of James l2th/22nd Lord Dunboyne. This Pierce had another da., Elizabeth, who m., 1785, Richard (d. ca. 1799), s. of James of Park, Co. Tip., bro. of this Pierce. Richard Butler (d. ca. 1799) was thus both 1st cousin and bro.-in-law of Richard Butler (d. 1834).

Q126. [BJ v1n7]

Ralph Butler (ca. 1500) of Herts. (ancestor of George Washington.

Clues- This Ralph was described as of Sawbridgeworth, Herts., in Vincent's Visitation of Northants (J. Bridges, Northhants., i, 101) but of St Alban's, Herts. in the Visitations of Oxon (Harl.Soc., v, 141). His family's arms were az., 3 covered cups or between a chevron or (W. C. Metcalfe, Northants Visitations, 75).

Comment- The arms suggest a descent from the Butlers of Rawcliffe (see sub Q.8). Further clues to Ralph's ancestry may be found jn the 12 quarterings of his grt.g'son, Rev. Richard Butler, particularised in Metcalfe (supra). They indicate Ralph married a Somery and further quartered the arms of Paganell, Malpas and Tiptoft. John de Somery m., ca. 1200, Hawise, da. and heiress of Gervase Paganell (B.M., ADD. MS.34, 375). Ralph was ancestor of the Butler families of Aston le Walls, Northhants, of Amberley Castle, Sussex and of Tyes Manor, Sussex. The location of Tyes has been debated. But it was clearly near Cuckfield (Feet of Fines, 1621/2) and there was Tye's Farm only 2 miles N. of Cuckfield (per Mr Newton, Sussex County Archivist). William of Tyes (ygr.s. of John (d. 1558), s. of this Ralph) m. Margaret, da. of Thomas Greeke (d. 1577), by Jane, da. of George Thomson (Harl.Soc. xli, 109 & cix, 100). Their da., Margaret née Butler, m.,1588, Laurence Washington (1568-1616). George (1732-1799), 1st U.S.A. President, was s. of Augustine (1694-1743), s. of Laurence (d. 1698), s. of John (1633-1677), s. of Lawrence (d. 1653), s. of Laurence Washington by Margaret née Butler. For George Washington's other Butler connection which involved Mount Vernon, see Q. 114.

126. [BJv1n8] Ralph Butler ca. 1500 of Herts. (p. 583).

P. H. Blake asks for references to printed genealogies of these Butlers. Here are most: G. Baker, Northants., i, 470 & 475; W. Berry, Sussex Genealogies, 176; Burke, Commoners, iii, 253 & 517 (where "1675" is an error): E. Cartwright & J. B. M. Dallaway, W. Sussex, ii, 255; A. W. Crawley-Boevey, The Perverse Widow, 221; D. G. C. Elwes and C. T. Robinson, W. Sussex Castles, 235; J. E. Griffith, Anglesey Pedigrees, 344; Harl. Soc., v (Oxon Visitations), 141; lxxxix (Sussex 1662 Visitation), 110; W. C. Metcalfe, Northants. Visitations, 8 & 75; Misc. Geneal. et Her., 4th. Ser., iii, 73 (pedigree from archives of Coll. of Arms); T. Phillipps, Oxon 1574 Visitation 2 (in Brit. Library, bound in vol. i of Phillipps' Tracts); T. Phillipps, Topographer, No. 1, 26, (Oxon 1574 Visitation); F. W. Ragg, Descent of Sutton, Butler and Washington (1907).

Postscript. (p. 588): Swanzy & Green, Green of Youghal (1902), 25, which has now been run to earth, gives the descendants of James Butler (1820-1887) of Waterville, Co. Kerry.

Q127. [BJ v1n7]

Thomas Butler (alive 1720) of Munster.

Clues- Oddly enough on his death, his son, Peter (b. in Munster, 27 Jan. 1721 and alive 1793) who was Capt. of Lally's Regt. in France and Governor of Devres, near Boulogne-sur-mer, assumed the title of "Marquis d'Ormond" (Dossier 13819 T.R., Archives de la Guerre) (per L. V. Pauchet of Versailles).

Comment- This so-called "Marquis" is mystifying. The only marquessate of Ormonde claimable in the 18th cent. was that created in 1642. But anyone claiming it would have had no less right to be Duke of Ormonde and it became extinct with the dukedom on the death of the Earl of Arran in 1758. Even in France, no such marquessate seems to have been created and it certainly would not have been before the 2nd Duke died, at Avignon, 1745. It may however be noted that, with touching affection for the Ormondes, Raymond, 7th Comte de Butler, called himself "Comte de Butler d'Ormond", to the surprise of Jane, da. of the 6th Marquess of Ormonde, when she met the Comte in 1963.

Q128. [BJ v1n8]

Colart li Boutellier (1250) of France.

Clues- He was a troubadour in Arras; his surviving works include a song of unrequited love, "Je n'ai pas droite ochaison".

Comment- Since early Norman times there has been a Le Boutillier family in Jersey, C.I. (J. B. Payne, Armorial of Jersey, 195). But nearer Arras, the de Senlis family adopted the surname of Le Bouteiller early in the 13th century (Ass. Architect. Soc. Reports, xxxi, 503).

Q129. [BJ v1n8]

Edmond Butler (1750-1834) of Coon, Co. Kilkenny.

Clues- His son, Maurice, m. at Coon, 1804, Ann da. of John O'Brien (by Catherine née Cavanagh) and had (by Ann) James, Edmond, Ellen, Mary, John, Thomas, Margaret and Richard. Aged 69, Ann, with her sons, Edmond (d.s.p. 1894) and Richard (d. 1898), emigrated to Victoria, Australia (per N. J. Rowan of Kew, Victoria, whose wife is Richard's grt-grd.-da.).

Comment- Coon came to the Ormonds from the Brennans before the 17th cent. (Ormond Deeds, vi, 165 & 186). In 1635, Richard, s/o James Butler and Richard, s/o Peter Butler, held lands in Coon (Carrigan, Ossory, iii, 457).

Q130. [BJ v1n8]

Henry Boteler (1415), surgeon.

Clues- He was at the Battle of Agincourt, among the medical staff of Thomas Morstede, chief surgeon of the King's expeditionary forces (P.R.O., Various Accounts (Exchequer), E 101/48/3, membrane 2).

Q131. [BJ v1n8]

Henry Butler (d. by 1881) of Ireland.

Clues- He m., by 1857, Sarah; their da., Evelyn Juanita ("Eva"), was bn. in Dublin, 20 Apr. 1857. Henry was dead when Eva in., 1881, William Harwood Millinan (per Wendy James of Ontario, Eva's grt-grd.-da.).

Comment- He might be Capt. Henry (s/o Pierce, s/o Edmund, 11th V. Mountgarret), bn. 1805, ci. 13 Apr. 1881 and m. 1846 Clara (not Sarah) née Taylor. But the name, Evelyn, so rare among the Butlers of Ireland, is to be found among the Butlers of Rathmines, Dublin. A search in the Customs House, Dublin, might reveal Henry's marriage certificate.

Q132. [BJ v1n8]

Henry B. Butler (1847 1921 of Georgia, U.S.A.

Clues- He m., 1881, Charlotte Virginia (1850- 1920), née Lamb, of Florida (per their grd.-da., Mrs Eby of Florida).

Q133. [BJ v1n8]

James Butler (d. 1659) of Shanballyduff, Co. Tipperary.

Clues- He d. 9 Oct. 1659 (G.0.,MS. 384, p. 34), leaving a son, Richard, a grandson, Richard Butler and a daughter, Joan, wife of Nicholas Sawce. His executors were his wife, Ellice, and his nephew, John Butler of Ballycloghy (B.T.R.,121). By 1638, James had m. Ellice, da. of Edmond Tobin of Kilnagrannagh, Co. Tipp. (G.O., 70: F.E., vii, 465).

Comment- This James was s/o Thomas oge (d. 1635), descended from Richard Butler, 2nd s/o Thomas (d. 1419), the Prior of Kilmainham (Irish Genealogist, i, 370). But beware: G.O., MS 384, p. 34 seems to make the twofold error of confusing this James with his contemporary namesakes of Ballylin and Ballynahinch.

Q134. [BJ v1n8]

James Butler (18th cent.) of St Clement Danes.

Clues- He was a fruiterer, living in that parish. His son, James Keating Butler (1780-1863) took over Geo. England's church-organ building business in 1814/15 (per J. K. Butler's descendant, Mrs Entract of Brighton).

Comment- James was probably descended from John Buttler of St Clement Danes, Mdx, Citizen and Fruiterer, who, in 1669, aged about 22, was engaged to marry Elizabeth Capell of St Paul's Covent Garden, spinster, aged about 16 (Harl. Soc., xxxiv, 23).

Q135. [BJ v1n8]

James Walter Butler (bn. ca. 1820).

Clues- After a family disagreement, he left home, changed his name from "Butler" to "Davies", joined the army and went to India; his wife, Olivia née Flatman, gave birth in Maidstone, Kent, to James Walter Davies who had Olive Maureen (per the latter's grd.-da., Mrs Bandy of Hamilton Hill, W. Australia). Olive Maureen's father is said to have been interested in claiming a Butler peerage.

Comment- The peerage may have been the Cahir barony created in 1583 which became dormant or extinct in 1858. The only Walter Davies or Davis in Hodson's Index of the British Army in India, Army Museum, London, is Lt Col. Hugh Walter Davies, bn. 15 July 1873, who entered Indian S.C., 1898.

Q136. [BJ v1n8]

Jan Butler (d. 1828) of Poland.

Clues- He m. Antoinette Foszez (d. 23 July 1823). He d. 26 Feb. 1828, in Livonia at Zakrzewszczyzna where his son, Vincent had been born, 9 Oct. 1810 (per M. Junqua of Paris).

Q137. [BJ v1n8]

John Butler (19th cent.), gardener, probably of Surrey.

Clues- His da. Ann Amelia of Newington Place, when of full age, m. at St Mary, Newington, Surrey, 18 May 1861, Richard Carr (bn. at High Hedgeley, Northumberland, 19 Sept. 1831). As a widow she m., in the 1870s, a Mr Gardiner (per her grt. grd.-son, A. W. Carr of Redditch, Worcs.).

Comment- A careful search of St Mary's register might help.

Q138. [BJ v1n8]

John S. Butler (1803-1890), M.D. of U.S.A.

Clues- Dr Butler's superintendence of Boston Lunatic Hospital was praised by Charles Dickens in American Notes. Dr Butler later became president of the first State Board of Health in Connecticut (per Mrs Eva Rich of Michigan).

Q139. [BJ v1n8]

Joseph Butler d. 1740 of Virginia, U.S.A.

Clues- His Christian-name may have been Thomas, instead of Joseph. He emigrated from Ireland, perhaps when a child. He was killed by Red Indians in Virginia. He left a wife and at least two sons one of whom was "Joseph" (per "Joseph's" descendant, M.B. Armstrong of Co. Down).

Q140. [BJ v1n8]

Lewis James Butler (d. 1860).

Clues- He may have been a bank clerk. He was living in Antigua. 1835; and d. at 17 Upper Southwick Street, Paddington, 2 July 1860, aged 66. Soon after his death, his son, John (d. at 6 Paulet Road, Camberwell, 1887, aged 60) adopted the surname of Pearson. John m., 1859, Louisa Emma, da. of Thomas Barlow, solicitor (per John's grd. da., Mrs Reid of Hatfield and A. J. Camp of Soc. of Genealogists).

Comment- Lewis James Butler died aged 67 (Times, 4.7.1860). Probably he was descended from Capt. Thomas Butler of Nevis (d. 1687/8) whose descendants were connected with both the W. Indies and Camberwell (G.A. Beale, The Butlers of Okeford Fitzpaine) and whose arms indicate a pre-1660 descent from the Dunboyne branch of Butlers.

Q141. [BJ v1n8]

Mary Sophia Montgomerie, née Butler (d. 1866)

Clues- She m., 1831. Michael Frederick Montgomerie (per their grt. grd.-da.. Lady Butler of Saffron Walden).

Comment- Mary Sophia was da. of Humphrey Butler, M.P., only legitimate s/o John (1707-1789 , 4th s/o 1st V. Lanesborough (d. 1735) , descended from a 14th cent. John Boteler of Waresley, Hunts,, who probably descended from a 13th cent. Edmond Boteler (see Q.77 at pp.405, 496 and 587).

Q142. [BJ v1n8]

Michael Butler (d. 1799), printer of Kilkenny City.

Clues- His tombstone in Old St Mary's, Kilkenny, shows he died aged 41. Mai McElroy's excellent sketch of the inscription is reproduced in The Old Kilkenny Review (1978). Margaret Phelan there notes that he m. Miss Maher of Irish Town a month or so before he died. (Hib. Mag., 1779) and that Catherine Finn, née Butler, was buried near him. At pp. 333- 335., Mary Kenealy adds more about this Catherine.

Comment He was probably the Michael who was s/o James, s/o William Butler of Irishtown (per William's Will, B.T.R., 110). Catherine Finn was sister of John. of Sheastown, Thomas, and Peter, Butler (B.T.R., 412) , who may have been ygr. bros. of William of Sheastown.

Q143. [BJ v1n8]

Nathaniel Butler (18th cent), of America.

Clues- He is said to be "cousin" of Wild Bill "from the Ormond Butlers" (per Frank C. Butler of Oklahoma, s/o Frank, s/o Randolph, s/o Derwin who was bn in 1822, s/o Harlo, s/o this Nathaniel).

Comment Wild Bill's mother was descended from certain Butlers of Kent who were yeomen of England, not "Ormond Butlers". Her great-uncle (bn 1726), his son (bn 1745) and her uncle (bn 1759) were each called Nathaniel Butler.

Q144. [BJ v1n8]

Richard Butler (1721) of London.

Clues- As "Richard Butler of St Martin's Le Grand, widower", he m., 2 Oct. 1721, Catherine, da. of the famous astronomer, Dr Edmond Halley. (Reg. of St Margaret, Lee, p. 13).

Comment- He was probably the Richard Butler who was buried, 28 Oct. 1727, at Greenwich (Notes & Queries, clxx, 89) and very likely of the same family as Thomas Butler of Q. 146 below.

Q145. [BJ v1n8]

Theobald Butler d. 1857 of Kempsey, Worcs.

Clues- He died at his residence, Cedar Villa, Kempsey near Worcester (Times, 5.9.1857)

Comment- Unexpectedly, he turns out to be a ygr. s/o James Butler of Priestown. Co. Meath (Hon. James Jocelyn's typescript, Cal. of Priestown Papers. 156) who was descended from Theobald Butler of Drom (d. 1652 . ygr. s/o James 12/22 Lord Dunboyne (d. 1624) by his 2nd wife Margaret née O'Brien. Theobald m. Lucy Richards, but died s.p. in 1857.

Q146. [BJ v1n8]

Thomas Butler 1676 1735/ of Lee, Kent.

Clues He was the founding father of the Butlers of Hambledon, Hants., who use the shield, ar., a bend between 3 covered cups or (per Major-Gen. Hew Butler of Hambledon).

Comment- The arms suggest a descent from Richard (d. 1120), butler of Hugh, Earl of Chester and ancestor of the Butlers of Warrington. Lancs. The Thomas Butler who was buried at Lee in 1703, and Richard of Q.144 above who m. at Lee in 1721, may have been of this fold. The Butlers of Hambledon have a distinguished history, in the Church, Foreign Office and Army. Among them was Major Thomas Butler (1836-1901) who won the Victoria Cross at Lucknow in 1858.

Q147. [BJv1n8]

Thomas Butler (1777-1851) of S. Carolina.

Clues Born in S. Carolina, he migrated to Alabama, then Mississippi and finally Arkansas. His wife, Rachel, bore him 12 children. Family legend gives his father as "George Butler from England" (per June Eubanks of Arkansas).

Comment- Thomas (d. 1838), s/o Major Pierce Butler (1744-1822), must .have also been born ca. 1777 in S. Carolina.

Q148. [BJv1n8]

Thomas Butler (1842-1925), Irish emigrant to Australia.

Clues- Born 12 July 1842 at Leishall, King's Co., he emigrated, ca. 1865, to Sidney; N.S.W. (per his grd.-son, Geo, D. Butler of Ainslie, A.C.T., Australia.)

Q149. [BJv1n8]

William Butler (early 19th cent.) of Ireland.

Clues- He had by his wife, Mary Elizabeth (? née Curry), James, Elizabeth, Annie and Theresa, besides Mary Ann who was bn in Ireland 21 Apr. 1848 (per Mary Ann's grd.-da., Mrs Merwin of Wilton, Conn., U.S.A.)

Q150. [BJv1n8]

..........Butler (no date) in the Netherlands.

Clues- In 1921, Mr W. del Court (whose wife was née Butler found in Moermont Castle, Renesse, Schouwen Island, Netherlands, a small shield emblazoned: Az., a chevron or, charged with a croissant argent, between 3 covered cups or, and labelled "Butler" (Notes & Queries, 12th series, ix, 247).

Comment- The shield could represent a Butler of Old Acres, Durham, but more likely of Danehill, Sussex, e.g. John (2nd s/o Ambrose Butler, grt.-grd.-son of Ralph Butler of Q. 126, was 5 years in Amsterdam before marrying, 1623, Agneta, da. of Nicolas Ruts (whom Rembrandt painted).